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Find a modern and quick method to determine the U value and the thermal characteristics of a building envelope using an IR camera
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Sustainable Building Systems.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]


The overall heat transfer coefficient of a building wall, the U value, is an interesting parameter to deduce the heat loss rate through the wall. The current method to determine this U value is well known, but is requires a lot of time to be performed. In this work a new idea of methodology is presented to get an accurate idea of the U value in a really smaller time, using an IR camera. IR thermography is a non destructive method that is mainly used today to carry out qualitative observations. In this work it is used as a quantitative tool to determine the conductivity of a wall knowing the external heat transfer coefficient. The error obtained on homogeneous and heterogeneous walls are smaller than 10 %, which is accurate enough for a fast measurement. The thermal mass of the wall can also be estimated with errors between 5 and 20 %, but only if the user has a good first guess of the real value. Finally some ideas are proposed when the heat transfer coefficient is not known, leading to less reliable results. More work is necessary to transform it as a usable method in everyday life. A part of the report concerns some attempts done with a simulation of the experiment, leading to no concrete results but it is still presented as it took some time to be studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
U value, building envelope, IR camera
National Category
Environmental Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-117888OAI: diva2:603444
2012-06-26, Energy technology library, 22:36 (English)
Available from: 2013-02-13 Created: 2013-02-05 Last updated: 2013-02-13Bibliographically approved

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