Feedback control of instabilities in the two-dimensional Blasius boundary layer: The role of sensors and actuators
2013 (English)In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 25, no 5, 054106-1-054106-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We analyze the effects of different types and positions of actuators and sensors on controllers' performance and robustness in the linearized 2D Blasius boundary layer. The investigation is carried out using direct numerical simulations (DNS). To facilitate controller design, we find reduced-order models from the DNS data using a system identification procedure called the Eigensystem Realization Algorithm. Due to the highly convective nature of the boundary layer and corresponding time delays, the relative position of the actuator and sensor has a strong influence on the closed-loop dynamics. We address this issue by considering two different configurations. When the sensor is upstream of the actuator, corresponding to disturbance-feedforward control, good performance is observed, as in previous work. However, feedforward control can be degraded by additional disturbances or uncertainties in the plant model, and we demonstrate this. We then examine feedback controllers in which the sensor is a short distance downstream of the actuator. Sensors farther downstream of the actuator cause inherent time delays that limit achievable performance. The performance of the resulting feedback controllers depends strongly on the form of actuation introduced, the quantities sensed, and the observability of the structures deformed by the controller's action. These aspects are addressed by varying the spatial distribution of actuator and sensor. We find an actuator-sensor pair that is well-suited for feedback control, and demonstrate that it has good performance and robustness, even in the presence of unmodeled disturbances.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 25, no 5, 054106-1-054106-17 p.
Achievable performance, Actuators and sensors, Blasius boundary layer, Eigensystem realization algorithms, Reduced order models, Sensors and actuators, System identification procedure, Unmodeled disturbances
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-117913DOI: 10.1063/1.4804390ISI: 000320001200034ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84878528673OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-117913DiVA: diva2:603866
QC 20131202. Updated from submitted to published. Previous title: Feedback control of instabilities in the 2D Blasius boundary layer : the role of sensors and actuators2013-02-072013-02-072013-12-02Bibliographically approved