Bead based protein profiling in blood
2013 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis is about protein profiling in blood-derived samples using suspension bead ar- rays built with protein affinity reagents, and the evaluation of binding characteristics and potential disease relation of such profiles.
A central aim of the presented work was to discover and verify disease associated protein profiles in blood-derived samples such as serum or plasma. This was based on immobiliz- ing antigens or antibodies on color-coded beads for a multiplexed analysis. This concept generally allow for a dual multiplexing because hundreds of samples can be screened for hundreds of proteins in a miniaturized and parallelized fashion. At first, protein antigens were used to study humoral immune responses in cattle suffering from a mycoplasma infec- tion (Paper I). Here, the most immunogenic of the applied antigens were identified based on reactivity profiles from the infected cattle, and were combined into an antigen cocktail to serve as a diagnostic assay in a standard ELISA set-up. Next, antibodies and their em- ployment in assays with directly labeled human samples was initiated. This procedure was applied in a study of kidney disorders where screening of plasma resulted in the discovery of a biomarker candidate, fibulin-1 (Paper II). In parallel to the disease related applica- tions, systematic evaluations of the protein profiles were conducted. Protein profiles from 2,300 antibodies were classified on the bases of binding properties in relation to sample heating and stringent washing (Paper III). With a particular focus on heat dependent de- tectability, a method was developed to visualize those proteins that were captured to the beads in an immunoassay by using Western blotting (Paper IV). In conclusion, this thesis presents examples of the possibilities of comparative plasma profiling enabled by protein bead arrays.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , 116 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2013:4
Affinity proteomics, protein array, suspension bead array, antigen, antibody, biomarker discovery, serology, selectivity, sensitivity, serum, plasma
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-117960ISBN: 978-91-7501-629-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-117960DiVA: diva2:604032
2013-03-01, Gardaulan, Smittskyddsinstitutet, Nobels väg 18, Solna, 10:00 (English)
Zhu, Heng, Dr
Nilsson, Peter, ProfessorSchwenk, Jochen, DrPersson, Anja, Dr
QC 201302082013-02-082013-02-072013-02-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers