Improved contact prediction in proteins: Using pseudolikelihoods to infer Potts models
2013 (English)In: Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, ISSN 1539-3755, Vol. 87, no 1, 012707- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Spatially proximate amino acids in a protein tend to coevolve. A protein's three-dimensional (3D) structure hence leaves an echo of correlations in the evolutionary record. Reverse engineering 3D structures from such correlations is an open problem in structural biology, pursued with increasing vigor as more and more protein sequences continue to fill the data banks. Within this task lies a statistical inference problem, rooted in the following: correlation between two sites in a protein sequence can arise from firsthand interaction but can also be network-propagated via intermediate sites; observed correlation is not enough to guarantee proximity. To separate direct from indirect interactions is an instance of the general problem of inverse statistical mechanics, where the task is to learn model parameters (fields, couplings) from observables (magnetizations, correlations, samples) in large systems. In the context of protein sequences, the approach has been referred to as direct-coupling analysis. Here we show that the pseudolikelihood method, applied to 21-state Potts models describing the statistical properties of families of evolutionarily related proteins, significantly outperforms existing approaches to the direct-coupling analysis, the latter being based on standard mean-field techniques. This improved performance also relies on a modified score for the coupling strength. The results are verified using known crystal structures of specific sequence instances of various protein families. Code implementing the new method can be found at http://plmdca.csc.kth.se/.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 87, no 1, 012707- p.
3D Structure, Coupling strengths, Data bank, Indirect interactions, Large system, Mean-field, Model parameters, Protein family, Protein sequences, Pseudo-likelihood, Specific sequences, Statistical inference, Statistical properties, Structural biology, Three dimensional (3D) structures
Other Physics Topics Biological Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-118215DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.87.012707ISI: 000314151700005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84872521100OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-118215DiVA: diva2:605059
QC 201302132013-02-132013-02-132013-03-08Bibliographically approved