The influence of ethene impurities in the gas feed of a PEM fuel cell
2013 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, Vol. 38, no 1, 497-509 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hydrogen produced by reforming may contain traces of hydrocarbon contaminants. These traces may affect the performance and lifetime of a fuel cell run on reformate-hydrogen. This study treats the influence of low concentrations of ethene on the adsorption and deactivation chemistry in a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The study employs mainly cyclic voltammetry accompanied with an on-line mass spectrometer to analyse the outlet gas. Results from adsorption and desorption, by either oxidation or reduction, are presented, and the influence of adsorption potential, temperature and humidity and the presence of hydrogen are discussed. The results show that the adsorption of traces of ethene in a fuel cell is highly dependent on adsorption potential and that ethene adsorbs on Pt catalyst in a limited potential window only. Ethene cannot displace adsorbed H and is oxidised already at potentials of 0.6 V versus RHE at 80°C, where the only detectable product is CO 2. A considerable part of ethene adsorbed at potentials above the hydrogen adsorption/desorption region can be reduced at low potentials and is desorbed as methane or ethene. Overall, the effect of low concentrations of ethene in the hydrogen feed on fuel cell performance is minimal, and no significant loss in cell voltage is found when ethene contaminated hydrogen is fed to a fuel cell running on hydrogen and oxygen at a constant load at 80°C and at highly humidified conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 38, no 1, 497-509 p.
Ethene, Impurity, Mass spectrometry, PEM fuel cell, Pt/C, Stripping voltammetry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-118214DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.06.119ISI: 000315001500056ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84871980167OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-118214DiVA: diva2:605067
FunderSwedish Research CouncilStandUp
QC 201302132013-02-132013-02-132016-10-07Bibliographically approved