Smart and Just Grids for sub-Saharan Africa: Exploring options
2013 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, Vol. 20, 336-352 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In 2009, an estimated 585 million people had no access to electricity services in sub-Saharan Africa. Unlike many other regions of the world, under current assumptions, that figure is expected to rise significantly to about 652 million by 2030-an unsustainable and unacceptable situation. Knowing of the intrinsic linkages between access to energy services and development, national governments and regional organisations have identified the urgent need for accelerated electrification rates. Some of the established and emerging concepts, systems and technologies grouped under the term 'Smart Grids' may offer an important contribution to achieving universal access to electricity. We argue that these Smart Grid advances may enable sub-Saharan African countries to leapfrog elements of traditional power systems and accelerate and improve electrification efforts. We introduce the notion of Just Grids to reflect the need for power systems to contribute towards equitable and inclusive economic and social development without marginalising the poor. The paper reviews the literature, and identifies specific options that could be implemented in sub-Saharan Africa. After selecting criteria that focus on potential impact as well as requirements for their implementation, a qualitative first-pass assessment of the potential of these options is made. This paper provides support for policy development, and suggests areas for further, more detailed research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 20, 336-352 p.
Energy access, Energy planning, Smart Grids, Sub-Saharan Africa
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-118191DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.11.004ISI: 000316828300025ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84872292470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-118191DiVA: diva2:605082
QC 201302132013-02-132013-02-132013-10-17Bibliographically approved