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Evaluation of current methods for creep analysis and impression creep testing of power plant steels
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Technology.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Destructive testing of creep exposed components is a powerful tool for evaluation of remaining lifetime of high temperature pipe systems. The most common destructive evaluation method used today is uniaxial creep testing. Uniaxial creep tests can produce accurate creep curves but the test method has some drawbacks such as costliness and long testing times. It also demands large sample material outtake which often involve weld repair.

Impression creep (IC) testing is a relatively new alternative test method for evaluating primary and secondary creep rates. The scope of this work is to evaluate the benefits and drawbacks of IC testing over uniaxial creep testing in order to determine its usefulness as a test method.

A literature survey was carried out over the area creep testing of high temperature pipe systems, with particular focus on impression creep testing. The result of the literature survey clearly showed several benefits with impression creep testing. An IC test series was performed in order to determine the secondary creep rate of a service exposed 10CrMo9-10 high temperature pipe steel. The IC tests were performed by VTT in Finland, using the same test parameter and sample material as in previous projects where the creep properties of the test material were determined by uniaxial creep testing.

The result of the predicted secondary creep rate obtained from the IC tests was compared with the secondary creep rates measured during the uniaxial tests. The IC tests results did not align satisfactory with the results from the uniaxial creep tests, which would have been expected. The reason for this may be due to sources of error during impression creep testing, since very small displacements due to creep have to be measured with high precision during the tests. Further testing of the impression creep test method is recommended as a result of this work, in order to evaluate the method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 75 p.
Keyword [en]
Impression creep test, 10CrMo9-10 steel, creep life assessment, creep analysis
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-118328OAI: diva2:605630
Subject / course
Materials Design and Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Materials Design and Engineering
Available from: 2013-03-04 Created: 2013-02-14 Last updated: 2013-03-04Bibliographically approved

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