Chiral CP2 skyrmions in three-band superconductors
2013 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 87, no 1, 014507- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is shown that under certain conditions, three-component superconductors (and, in particular, three-band systems) allow stable topological defects different from vortices. We demonstrate the existence of these excitations, characterized by a CP2 topological invariant, in models for three-component superconductors with broken time-reversal symmetry. We term these topological defects "chiral GL((3)) skyrmions," where "chiral" refers to the fact that due to broken time-reversal symmetry, these defects come in inequivalent left-and right-handed versions. In certain cases, these objects are energetically cheaper than vortices and should be induced by an applied magnetic field. In other situations, these skyrmions are metastable states, which can be produced by a quench. Observation of these defects can signal broken time-reversal symmetry in three-band superconductors or in Josephson-coupled bilayers of s(+/-) and s-wave superconductors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 87, no 1, 014507- p.
Strings, Model, Equations
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-118614DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.014507ISI: 000313423300004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84872934015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-118614DiVA: diva2:607159
FunderSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
QC 201302222013-02-222013-02-212013-12-05Bibliographically approved