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Energy consumption reduction via context-aware mobile video pre-fetching
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Mobile Service Laboratory (MS Lab).
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Mobile Service Laboratory (MS Lab). KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Center for Wireless Systems, Wireless@kth.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Mobile Service Laboratory (MS Lab).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8778-9064
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Mobile Service Laboratory (MS Lab). KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Center for Wireless Systems, Wireless@kth.
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2012 (English)In: Proceedings - 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia, ISM 2012, IEEE , 2012, 261-265 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The arrival of smartphones and tablets, along with a flat rate mobile Internet pricing model have caused increasing adoption of mobile data services. According to recent studies, video has been the main driver of mobile data consumption, having a higher growth rate than any other mobile application. However, streaming a medium/high quality video files can be an issue in a mobile environment where available capacity needs to be shared among a large number of users. Additionally, the energy consumption in mobile devices increases proportionally with the duration of data transfers, which depend on the download data rates achievable by the device. In this respect, adoption of opportunistic content pre-fetching schemes that exploit times and locations with high data rates to deliver content before a user requests it, has the potential to reduce the energy consumption associated with content delivery and improve the user's quality of experience, by allowing playback of pre-stored content with virtually no perceived interruptions or delays. This paper presents a family of opportunistic content pre-fetching schemes and compares their performance to standard on-demand access to content. By adopting a simulation approach on experimental data, collected with monitoring software installed in mobile terminals, we show that content pre-fetching can reduce energy consumption of the mobile devices by up to 30% when compared to the on demand download of the same file, with a time window of 1 hour needed to complete the content prepositioning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2012. 261-265 p.
Keyword [en]
Context-aware content pre-fetching, Mobile video, Reduction of energy consumption
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-118911DOI: 10.1109/ISM.2012.56ISI: 000317430600048Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84874276716ISBN: 978-076954875-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-118911DiVA: diva2:609033
Conference
14th IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia, ISM 2012, 10 December 2012 through 12 December 2012, Irvine, CA
Note

QC 20130304

Available from: 2013-03-04 Created: 2013-03-04 Last updated: 2015-11-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On Optimization of Quality of User Experience and Wireless Network Bandwidth in Video Content Delivery
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Optimization of Quality of User Experience and Wireless Network Bandwidth in Video Content Delivery
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Mobile video content today generates more than half of the mobile data traffic.The increasing popularity of mobile video on demand services poses great challenges to mobile operators and content providers. Frontmost, how to reduce the mobile video traffic load, while delivering high quality video content to mobile users without perceived quality degradations for the same (or cheaper) price? Battery lifetime represents another key factor of a user’s Quality of Experience(QoE). A lot of device energy is consumed by mobile network signalling and data transmission over new generation mobile communication systems. This thesis focuses on: (1) reducing the size of the video that is delivered to the enduser in the maximum achievable video quality, thus optimizing the wireless network bandwidth and the user-perceived QoE, and (2) reducing the energy consumption of a mobile device that is associated to data transfer over the radio interface, thus increasing the device’s battery lifetime. The main contributions have been given in providing the Over-the-Top video optimization and delivery schemes and recommendations on tuning their parameters in order to minimize the bandwidth and energy consumption of mobile video delivery, while maximizing the predictable user-perceived QoE. By preventing the video to be prefetched on low data rates and tuning the datarate threshold according to statistical properties of available data rates, we show that 20-70% of energy cost can be reduced by opportunistic prefetching, depending on the user’s pattern of available data rates. The data rate values ordered in time that have a large amount of serial correlation and low noise variance, or low average valueand high peak-to-mean ratio, are likely to yield the highest energy gains from content prefetching. Moreover, we show that energy gains are the largest when the threshold data rate is set close to an average data rate, due to the highest availability of data rates around this value, and for longer sleep time between the prefetching periods, which increases the probability of moving away from the areas with low data rates. Next, we focus on QoE-aware mobile video delivery solutions that are more bandwidth efficient without compromising the user-perceived video quality. They deliver a video over a varying data rate channel that is optimized for viewing on a mobile device in the highest perceptual video quality that can be achieved in the given video and network conditions. An optimized video consists of short segments in the minimum resolutions that satisfy the target perceptual video quality and have up to 60% reduced size compared to the video in the corresponding fixed video resolution, without perceptible quality difference. The delivery is performed by on demand download, context-aware prefetching, or in real time using the QoE-aware adaptive video streaming that runs over Dynamic Adaptive video Streaming over HTTP (DASH). By limiting the maximum bitrates of the requested video segments and using the remaining throughput to prefetch optimized video segments in advance of playout, we show that QoE-aware adaptive video streaming maintains a more stable perceptual video quality than DASH despite the fluctuations of the channel bandwidth, while using fewer number of bits, which improves a user-perceived QoE. The results of this thesis can help operators and content providers to reduce their costs and provide more content to their users at the same (or cheaper) price.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xii, 174 p.
Series
TRITA-ICT, 2015:17
National Category
Communication Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177011 (URN)978-91-7595-739-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-12-04, Sal/hall B, Electrum , KTH-ICT, Kista, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20151113

Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2015-11-13Bibliographically approved

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