Theoretical studies of EPR parameters of spin-labels incomplex environments
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis encloses quantum chemical calculations performed in the framework of density functional response theory for evaluating electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spin Hamiltonian parameters of various spin-labels in different environments. These parameters are the well known electronic g-tensor and the nitrogen hyperfine coupling constants, which are extensively explored in this work for various systems. A special attention was devoted to the relationships that form between the structural and spectroscopic properties that can be accounted for as an environmental inuence. Such environmental effects were addressed either within a fully quantum mechanical formalism, involving simplified model structures that still capture the physical properties of the extended system, or by employing a quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) approach. The latter implies that the nitroxide spin label is treated quantum mechanically, while the environment is treated in a classical discrete manner, with appropriate force fields employed for its description. The state-of- the art techniques employed in this work allow for an optimum accounting of the environmental effects that play an important role for the behaviour of EPR properties of nitroxides spin labels. One achievement presented in this thesis includes the first theoretical con_rmation of an empirical assumption that is usually made for inter-molecular distance measurement experiments in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), involving pulsed electron-electron double resonance (PELDOR) and site-directed spin labeling (SDSL) techniques. This refers to the fact that the EPR parameters of the spin-labels are not affected by their interaction with the nucleobases from which DNA is constituted. Another important result presented deals with the inuence of a supramolecular complex on the EPR properties of an encapsulated nitroxide spin-label. The enclusion complex affects the hydrogen bonding topology that forms around the R2NO moiety of the nitroxide. This, on the other hand has a major impact on its structure which further on governs the magnitude of the spectroscopic properties. The projects and results presented in this thesis offer an example of successful usage of modern quantum chemistry techniques for the investigation of EPR parameters of spin-labels in complex systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , iv, 57 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2013:6
EPR, DFT, spin-labels, QM/MM, Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-119515ISBN: 978-91-7501-681-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-119515DiVA: diva2:611241
2013-04-05, FB 54, AlbaNova University Center, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Cappelli, Chiara, Professor
Ågren, Hans, Professor
QC 201303182013-03-182013-03-152013-03-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers