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Sequence motifs of myelin membrane proteins: Towards the molecular basis of diseases
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology. (Proteinkristallisation)
2013 (English)In: Journal of Neuroscience Research, ISSN 0360-4012, E-ISSN 1097-4547, Vol. 91, no 4, 479-493 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The shortest sequence of amino acids in protein containing functional and structural information is a motif. To understand myelin protein functions, we intensively searched for motifs that can be found in myelin proteins. Some myelin proteins had several different motifs or repetition of the same motif. The most abundant motif found among myelin proteins was a myristoylation motif. Bovine MAG held 11 myristoylation motifs and human myelin basic protein held as many as eight such motifs. PMP22 had the fewest myristoylation motifs, which was only one; rat PMP22 contained no such motifs. Cholesterol recognition/interaction amino-acid consensus (CRAC) motif was not found in myelin basic protein. P2 protein of different species contained only one CRAC motif, except for P2 of horse, which had no such motifs. MAG, MOG, and P0 were very rich in CRAC, three to eight motifs per protein. The analysis of motifs in myelin proteins is expected to provide structural insight and refinement of predicted 3D models for which structures are as yet unknown. Analysis of motifs in mutant proteins associated with neurological diseases uncovered that some motifs disappeared in P0 with mutation found in neurological diseases. There are 2,500 motifs deposited in a databank, but 21 were found in myelin proteins, which is only 1% of the total known motifs. There was great variability in the number of motifs among proteins from different species. The appearance or disappearance of protein motifs after gaining point mutation in the protein related to neurological diseases was very interesting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 91, no 4, 479-493 p.
Keyword [en]
myelin, proteins, sequence motifs, neurological diseases, Semliki Forest virus
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-119443DOI: 10.1002/jnr.23177ISI: 000314973400002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84873706699OAI: diva2:611639
Swedish Research Council, 2007-6890

QC 20130318

Available from: 2013-03-18 Created: 2013-03-14 Last updated: 2013-03-18Bibliographically approved

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