Mathematical Modeling of Scrap Melting in an EAF Using Electromagnetic Stirring
2013 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, Vol. 53, no 1, 48-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Numerical modeling has been used to investigate the influence of electromagnetic stirring on melting of a single piece of scrap in an eccentric bottom tapping (EBT) electric arc furnace (EAF). The heat transfer and fluid flow in the melt for both conditions with and without electromagnetic stirring were studied. The buoyancy and electromagnetic forces were considered as the source terms for momentum transfer in the studied conditions. The enthalpy-porosity technique was applied to track the phase change of a scrap piece defined in the EBT region of the furnace. Different scrap sizes, preheating temperatures, stirring directions and force magnitudes were considered, and the heat transfer coefficient was estimated from the heat transfer rate at the melt-scrap interface. The results showed that electromagnetic stirring led to a reduced melting time and an increased heat transfer coefficient by a factor of four. The results for Nusselt number versus Grashof number for natural convection and Reynolds number for electromagnetic stirring were compared with those obtained through correlations from previous studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 53, no 1, 48-55 p.
EAF, electric arc furnace, mathematical model, electromagnetic stirring
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-120321DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.53.48ISI: 000315834700007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84873822898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-120321DiVA: diva2:614281
QC 201304042013-04-042013-04-042014-12-11Bibliographically approved