A model Monte Carlo collision operator for toroidal plasmas
2013 (English)In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 55, no 10, 105002- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In order to simulate radio refquency (RF)-heating in toroidal plasmas in the banana regime a model collision operator has been developed, which relaxes the distribution function towards a prescribed local Maxwellian either determined by experiments or transport codes. The pitch angle scattering by Coulomb collisions gives rise to spatial diffusion in toroidal plasmas because of the coupling between spatial and velocity coordinates. The coupling between the spatial and velocity components results in drift terms in the Monte Carlo formulation of the Fokker-Planck equation due to spatial derivatives of the Jacobian, the fraction of the trapped particles, the density and the temperature profiles. A simple RF operator is used to test the collision operator in conjunction with RF heating. The formation of a high-energy tail on the distribution function during RF heating leads to reduction of the density of the thermal ions as the tail builds up. For central heating this reduction can lead to hollow density profiles of thermal ions. The spatial diffusion caused by the relaxation of the thermal ions towards a prescribed density profile then gives rise to an increase of the density of resonant ions in regions with strong heating where the thermal ions diffuse towards higher energies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 55, no 10, 105002- p.
Diffusion, Tokamaks, Waves, Equations
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-120607DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/55/10/105002ISI: 000324625600003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84885131727OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-120607DiVA: diva2:616037
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 20131018. Updated from submitted to published.
Correction in: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 55, issue 11. article nr. 119601, doi: 10.1088/0741-3335/55/11/119601, wos: 000326242200016, ScopusID: 2-s2.0-848868962672013-04-152013-04-152014-09-16Bibliographically approved