Global model of the upper mantle lateral density structure based on combining seismic and isostatic models
2013 (English)In: Geosciences Journal, ISSN 1226-4806, Vol. 17, no 1, 65-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We compile the global model of the upper mantle lateral density structure with a 2x2 arc-deg spatial resolution using the values of the crust-mantle density contrast estimated relative to the adopted crust density model. The combined least-squares approach based on solving Moritz's generalization of the Vening-Meinesz inverse problem of isostasy is facilitated to estimate the crust-mantle density contrast. The global geopotential model (EGM08), the global topographic/bathymetric model (DTM2006.0) including ice-thickness data, and the global crustal model (CRUST2.0) are used to compute the isostatic gravity anomalies. The estimated upper mantle densities globally vary between 2751 and 3635 kg/m(3). The minima correspond with locations of the divergent oceanic tectonic plate boundaries (along the mid-oceanic ridges). The maxima are found along the convergent tectonic plate boundaries in the Andes and Himalayas (extending under the Tibetan Plateau). A comparison of the estimated upper mantle densities with the CRUST2.0 data shows a relatively good agreement between these two models within the continental lithosphere with the differences typically within +/- 100 kg/m(3). Much larger discrepancies found within the oceanic lithosphere are explained by the overestimated values of the CRUST2.0 upper mantle densities. Our result shows a prevailing pattern of increasing densities with the age of oceanic lithosphere which is associated with the global mantle convection process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 17, no 1, 65-73 p.
crust, density interface, isostasy, gravity, mantle
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-120543DOI: 10.1007/s12303-013-0009-zISI: 000316121900007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84874940105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-120543DiVA: diva2:616048
QC 201304152013-04-152013-04-112013-04-15Bibliographically approved