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Investigating CVT as a Transmission System Option for Wind Turbines
KTH, Superseded Departments, Energy Technology. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this study, an innovative solution is examined for transmission problems and frequency control for wind Turbines. Power electronics and the gear boxes are the parts which are responsible of a significant amount of failures and they are increasing the operation and maintenance cost of wind turbines. Continuously transmission (CVT) systems are investigated as an alternative for conventional gear box technologies for wind turbines in terms of frequency control and power production efficiency. Even though, it has being used in the car industry and is proven to be efficient, there are very limited amount of studies on the CVT implementation on wind turbines. Therefore, this study has also an assertion on being a useful mechanical analyse on that topic. After observing several different types of possibly suitable CVT systems for wind turbines; a blade element momentum code is written in order to calculate the torque, rotational speed and power production values of a wind turbine by using aerodynamic blade properties. Following to this, a dynamic model is created by using the values founded by the help of the blade element momentum theory code, for the wind turbine drive train both including and excluding the CVT system. Comparison of these two dynamic models is done, and possible advantages and disadvantages of using CVT systems for wind turbines are highlighted. The wind speed values, which are simulated according to measured wind speed data, are used in order to create the dynamic models, and Matlab is chosen as the software environment for modelling and calculation processes. Promising results are taken out of the simulations for both in terms of energy efficiency and frequency control. The wind turbine model, which is using the CVT system, is observed to have slightly higher energy production and more importantly, no need for power electronics for frequency control. As an outcome of this study, it is possible to say that the CVT system is a candidate of being a research topic for future developments of the wind turbine technology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Continuously variable transmission (CVT), wind turbine drive train, blade element momentum (BEM), frequency control of wind turbines, power electronics
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-121187OAI: diva2:617373
Subject / course
Energy Technology
Educational program
Master of Science - Sustainable Energy Engineering
2013-02-06, 09:00 (English)
Available from: 2013-04-23 Created: 2013-04-23 Last updated: 2013-04-23Bibliographically approved

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