Comparative study of rutile and anatase SnO2 and TiO2: Band-edge structures, dielectric functions, and polaron effects
2013 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 113, no 8, 083703- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
SnO2 and TiO2 polymorphs (rutile and anatase) are oxides with similar crystal structures, comparable bond lengths, and electronic band-gap energies, but different optical and electronic properties. In this work, we have studied the origin of these differences from the band-edge structures and electron-phonon coupling. The band-edge structures, dielectric functions, and effective masses were calculated by means of a first-principles approach with the exchange-correlation described by a hybrid functional. The phonon frequencies were calculated using a finite displacement method with non-analytic correction, and the phonon contribution to the dielectric functions was modeled using a multi-phonon Lorentz model. The calculated band-edge structures show that the bottommost conduction bands are highly dispersive for SnO2 polymorphs but flat dispersive for TiO2 polymorphs because of the strongly localized Ti-3d states. Consequently, SnO2 polymorphs present small effective electron masses and a weak optical absorption, whereas the TiO2 polymorphs present a strong optical absorption and larger effective electron masses. Due to the strong ionic bonds, TiO2 have larger Born effective charges than that of SnO2, result in stronger polaron effect and larger average static dielectric constant epsilon(0). For example, epsilon(0) = 115 for rutile TiO2 whereas epsilon(0) = 9.5 for rutile SnO2. Moreover, it is interesting to note that the epsilon(0) in rutile TiO2 is much larger than in anatase TiO2 (epsilon(0) = 28) although they have the same chemical compositions, which related to the local structure distortion of the phases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 113, no 8, 083703- p.
Born effective charge, Chemical compositions, Electron phonon couplings, Electronic band gaps, Exchange-correlations, First-principles approaches, Optical and electronic properties, Static dielectric constants
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-121488DOI: 10.1063/1.4793273ISI: 000315667500038ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84874863000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-121488DiVA: diva2:619898
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 201305072013-05-072013-04-292015-04-23Bibliographically approved