Influence of Cr and Ni on High-Temperature Corrosion Behavior of Ferritic Ductile Cast Iron in Air and Exhaust Gases
2013 (English)In: Oxidation of Metals, ISSN 0030-770X, E-ISSN 1573-4889, Vol. 80, no 5-6, 455-466 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Due to an expected temperature increase of the exhaust gases in heavy-duty engines in order to meet future emission regulations, there is a need to develop materials that can operate at higher temperatures. The exhaust manifold in the hot end of the exhaust system is specifically affected since the most common material today, SiMo51, is already operating close to its limits. Accordingly, the effects of Cr and Ni-additions on the high-temperature corrosion resistance of this material in air and exhaust gases were examined. It was found that the addition of 0.5 and 1 wt% Cr improved the oxidation resistance in air at 700 and 800 A degrees C by the formation of an SiO2 barrier layer as well as a Cr-oxide at the oxide/metal interface. However, no Cr-oxide was detected after exposure to exhaust gases, probably due to a water vapor-assisted evaporation of Cr from the oxide. The addition of 1 wt% Ni resulted in a deteriorated SiO2 barrier layer and reduced oxidation resistance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 80, no 5-6, 455-466 p.
Ferritic ductile cast iron, Water-assisted evaporation, Exhaust manifold
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122014DOI: 10.1007/s11085-013-9389-8ISI: 000327081200002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84890119737OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122014DiVA: diva2:620296
QC 201312172013-05-082013-05-082015-05-07Bibliographically approved