Belimumab for systemic lupus erythematosus: a practice-based view
2013 (English)In: Lupus, ISSN 0961-2033, E-ISSN 1477-0962, Vol. 22, no 4, 372-380 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disorder with multiple organ involvement. B-lymphocyte activity plays a pivotal role in the development and course of the disease. A newly developed agent called belimumab has recently been approved to treat active, autoantibody positive SLE as an add-on to standard therapy. Specifically binding to soluble B-lymphocyte stimulator protein, it reduces the formation of immunoglobulins and autoantibodies. Its effects have been studied in one phase II and two phase III clinical trials, showing sustained improvement across various clinical indicators and no evidence of increased risk of serious adverse events. Further post-hoc analyses indicate that treatment with belimumab lowers levels of autoimmune antibodies, normalizes low complement and improves SLE activity predominantly in musculoskeletal and mucocutaneous organ domains. Further studies are needed to determine the efficacy of belimumab for patients with severe lupus nephritis and with active involvement of the central nervous system. The introduction of belimumab as the first biological drug approved for the management of SLE likely heralds a surge in the development and use of selectively addressed agents for this heterogeneous and complex disease.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 22, no 4, 372-380 p.
Systemic lupus erythematosus, belimumab, B-lymphocyte stimulator, B-cell activating factor, biologics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122113DOI: 10.1177/0961203313476154ISI: 000317340300005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84875947710OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122113DiVA: diva2:621223
QC 201305142013-05-142013-05-132013-05-14Bibliographically approved