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Model driven process planning for machining: Theory, application and improved information standards for efficient product realization
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Computer Systems for Design and Manufacturing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8243-9505
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Model driven process planning is a methodology that emphasizes the application of models to create, represent and use information of products, processes and resources. Industry today stores information in a fragmented manner, mainly document centered with the consequence of data duplication requiring comprehensive data management and maintenance. This thesis contributes to the understanding of information representation of product and machining system specification and characteristics to support process planning and operation.

The ISO 10303 standard for industrial data has been applied as a key utility in this research, as it enables full control and understanding of information representation in diverse engineering domains. Research collaboration with participants of the International Organization for Standardization ISO has taken place, with contributions to standards development and implementation.

The basics of process planning are to achieve the unambiguous and complete information required for producing a product. The machining process plan, as a coherent model, represents relationships between manufacturing features, machined faces, tolerances and used cutting tools. It is essential for the representation of information to relate data to its valid interpretation context. Of importance is also that models and model schemas are decoupled from where, how and when the models are created, manipulated and finalized. Based on this principle, achieved coherent process plans supports efficient production engineering work processes.

Unambiguous and efficient modeling of manufacturing resources and their characteristics requires definitions of its specific domain concepts combined with generic data representation structures. This combination provides a stable and standardized data model, also capable of representing manufacturing resources developed in the future. The proposed modeling approach for manufacturing resource characterisation is valid for any product mechanism.

For implementation of the proposed increased integration, a modeling specification will be required. With the application of model driven process planning, new industrial benefits have been explored. The main principle of relating data to its valid context, applied to model driven process planning for machining, gives new possibilities for increased productivity.

Abstract [sv]

Modelldriven beredning är en metodik som framhäver användningen av modeller för att skapa, representera och använda information om produkter, processer och resurser. I industrin lagras idag information på ett fragmenterat sätt, huvudsakligen dokumentbaserat, med konsekvensen att data dupliceras vilket kräver omfattande datahantering och underhåll. Denna avhandling bidrar till förståelsen av informationsrepresentation för att specificera och karakterisera produkter och bearbetningssystem, som stöd i beredning och drift.

Standarden ISO 10303 för industriella data har använts som en viktig del i denna forskning då den möjliggör full kontroll och förståelse av informationsrepresentation inom olika ingenjörsområden. Forskningssamarbete med deltagare inom Internationella standardiseringsorganisationen ISO har ägt rum och bidragit till standardutveckling och implementering.

Målet för en beredning är att ta fram entydig och komplett information som behövs för att producera en produkt. Resultatet, bearbetningsberedningen, representerar relationerna mellan tillverkningsformelement, bearbetade ytor, toleranser och använt skärverktyg, som en koherent modell. Grundläggande för denna representation är att informationen relateras till sitt giltiga sammanhang för dess tolkning. Viktigt är också att modeller och modellscheman är frikopplade från var, hur och när modeller skapas, ändras och fulländas. Baserat på denna princip, stödjer den skapade koherenta beredningsinformationen effektiva produktionstekniska arbetsprocesser.

Entydig och effektiv modellering av tillverkningsresurser och karakteristiska egenskaper kräver definitioner av dess områdesspecifika begrepp kombinerat med generiska representationsstrukturer. Denna kombination ger en stabil och standardiserad datamodell, som också kan representera tillverkningsresurser som utvecklas i framtiden. Den föreslagna modelleringsprincipen för karakterisering av tillverkningsresurser är giltig för alla typer av produktmekanismer.

För implementering av den föreslagna ökade integreringen krävs en modelleringsspecifikation. Genom tillämpning av modelldriven beredning har nya fördelar för industrin påvisats. Huvudprincipen att relatera data till dess giltiga sammanhang ger nya möjligheter för ökad produktivitet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , 56 p.
Series
Trita-IIP, ISSN 1650-1888 ; 13:02
Keyword [en]
Process planning, modeling, ISO 10303, CADCAM, kinematics
Keyword [sv]
Beredning, modellering, ISO 10303, CADCAM, kinematik
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122184ISBN: 978-91-7501-766-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122184DiVA: diva2:621245
Public defence
2013-05-31, Brinellsalen, Brinellvägen 68, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production researchVinnova
Note

QC 20130514

Available from: 2013-05-14 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2013-05-14Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Model based machining descriptions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Model based machining descriptions
2010 (English)In: CIRP ICME ’10 - 7th CIRP International Conference on INTELLIGENT  COMPUTATION  IN MANUFACTURING  ENGINEERING: Innovative and Cognitive Production Technology and Systems / [ed] R. Teti, University of Naples, Italy, Capri, Italy, 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Today’s CAD/CAM systems make it possible to manage features, dimensions and tolerances from design through process and operations planning in their internal proprietary data model. For manufacturing purposes information is then split into different documents for setup and machining operation besides NC code. A demonstrator has been developed based on a case study and the ISO 10303 standard as a coherent data model for representing relationships between manufacturing features, machined faces, tolerances and used cutting tools. When the information model is fully exploited, the fragmentation of data as well as manufacturing preparation time and administration cost are significantly reduced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Capri, Italy: , 2010
Keyword
CAM, CNC, Machining description
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26019 (URN)978-88-95028-65-1 (ISBN)
Conference
CIRP ICME ’10 - 7th CIRP International Conference on INTELLIGENT COMPUTATION IN MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note
QC 20110112Available from: 2010-11-09 Created: 2010-11-09 Last updated: 2013-05-14Bibliographically approved
2. The machine tool model-A core part of the digital factory
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The machine tool model-A core part of the digital factory
Show others...
2009 (English)In: CIRP annals, ISSN 0007-8506, E-ISSN 1726-0604, Vol. 58, no 1, 425-428 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Machine tool models - the core parts of manufacturing systems - are important for many purposes during development of new or existing systems, from investment, through process planning, NC, layout design, usage, to end of life. Today a lot of important machine tool information is not managed and stored for easy reuse. A machine tool modelling approach is presented and structured in line with principles for generic standards utilizing a manufacturing system ontology for modelling machine tool concepts. It forms a contribution to management of information and knowledge in manufacturing.

Keyword
Machine tool, Model, Ontology
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18542 (URN)10.1016/j.cirp.2009.03.035 (DOI)000267276100105 ()2-s2.0-67349110154 (Scopus ID)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note
QC 20100525. QC 20120223Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
3. Manufacturing resource modelling for model driven operation planning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Manufacturing resource modelling for model driven operation planning
Show others...
2010 (English)In: Process Machine Interactions (PMI): Vancouver, Canada, June 10-11, 2010 / [ed] Prof. Y. Altintas, University of British Columbia, 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Models of manufacturing resources as machine tools, fixtures and cutting tools contribute to efficient and simplified operation planning. With operation planning domain concept, defined in ontology and used during modelling of coherent ISO 10303-214 conforming data models of manufacturing resources, stable implementation solutions are ensured while capable of representing current manufacturing resources and resources developed in the future. Using similarities between different types of resources, a unified modelling approach may be applied independent of the type of object. Information classes as interfaces, kinematics, performance and behavior are identified and related to corresponding construct of the standardized product generic schema. With the common representation of shared information between applications domains as operation planning, maintenance and factory layout design, presented result contributes to set the basis for a digital factory used in virtual manufacturing to continuously improve the production system.

 

Keyword
Modelling, Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP), Manufacturing resource data
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Computer and Information Science
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27788 (URN)978-0-9866331-0-2 (ISBN)
Conference
CIRP 2nd International Conference on Process Machine Interactions
Projects
Feature Based Operation Planning, Vinnova FFI Program (Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation Initiative)Robust Machining, Vinnova FFI Program (Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation Initiative)Digital factory building blocks, Vinnova FFI Program (Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation Initiative)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note

QC 20110105

Available from: 2010-12-30 Created: 2010-12-30 Last updated: 2013-05-14Bibliographically approved
4. Kinematic structure representation of products and manufacturing resources
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kinematic structure representation of products and manufacturing resources
2011 (English)In: 7th CIRP Sponsored Conference on Digital Enterprise Technology (DET), Athens, Greece, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The basics of kinematic modelling in majority of CAE applications are about to define motion constraints for components relative to other components. The main concepts are links and joints which combined build the topology and geometry of the mechanism. With the additional information about joint type, actuation and motion range, the model provides useful information for motion study. The kinematic structure schema of the standard ISO 10303-105 provides proven capability to represent this information. In the second edition of this standard, currently under development, the granularity and functionality of the model will be increased and further integrated with other parts of the standard ISO 10303. Case studies are presented on utilization of the added capabilities in different applications within product and manufacturing resource representation to illustrate the importance of these features. This paper reports on the author’s contribution to this standard.

Keyword
Kinematic, Modelling, Computer aided engineering (CAE)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-58900 (URN)978-960-88104-2-6 (ISBN)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note
QC 20120111Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2013-05-14Bibliographically approved

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