Phase structure and phase transitions in a three-dimensional SU(2) superconductor
2013 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 87, no 13, 134503- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We study the three-dimensional SU(2)-symmetric noncompact CP1 model, with two charged matter fields coupled minimally to a noncompact Abelian gauge field. The phase diagram and the nature of the phase transitions in this model have attracted much interest after it was proposed to describe an unusual continuous transition associated with deconfinement of spinons. Previously, it has been demonstrated for various two-component gauge theories that weakly first-order transitions may appear as continuous ones of a new universality class in simulations of relatively large, but finite systems. We have performed Monte Carlo calculations on substantially larger systems sizes than those in previous works. We find that in some area of the phase diagram where at finite sizes one gets signatures consistent with a single first-order transition; in fact, there is a sequence of two phase transitions with an O(3) paired phase sandwiched in between. We report (i) a new estimate for the location of a bicritical point and (ii) the first resolution of bimodal distributions in energy histograms at relatively low coupling strengths. We perform a flowgram analysis of the direct transition line with rescaling of the linear system size in order to obtain a data collapse. The data collapses up to coupling constants where we find bimodal distributions in energy histograms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 87, no 13, 134503- p.
Dimensional Quantum Antiferromagnets, Monte-Carlo Simulations, Numerical-Method, Ground-States, Spin-Peierls, Valence-Bond, Ising-Model, Criticality, Symmetries, Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122097DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.134503ISI: 000317193800002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84876181975OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122097DiVA: diva2:622020
FunderKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Research Council
QC 201305202013-05-202013-05-132013-05-20Bibliographically approved