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Industrial Ecology Methods within Engagement Processes for Industrial Resource Management
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The global use of resources such as materials, energy, and water has surpassed sustainable levels by many accounts.  The research presented here was explicitly normative in its aim to improve the understanding of, and make sustainable change toward highly systemic issues of resource management.  The core methods chosen to work toward this aim were bottom up action research procedures (including stakeholder engagement processes) and industrial ecology analysis tools.  These methods were employed and tested in pragmatic combination through two of the author’s case study projects. The first case study, performed between 2009 and 2012, employed a multi-stakeholder process aimed at improving the cycling of construction and demolition waste in the Stockholm region.  The second case study produced a strategic tool (Looplocal) built for facilitating more efficient regional industrial resource networks. While the highly participative aim of the cases required a larger contribution of resources than that of more closed studies, it is arguable that the efficacy of approaching the project aims is improved through their employment. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , xv, 52 p.
Series
Trita-IM, ISSN 1402-7615 ; 2013:10
Keyword [en]
Resource Management, Recycling, Stakeholder Participation, Industrial Symbiosis, Construction and Demolition
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology Construction Management Information Systems Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122403ISBN: 978-91-7501-796-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122403DiVA: diva2:622162
Presentation
2013-06-11, E3, Osquarsbacke 14, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130522

Available from: 2013-05-22 Created: 2013-05-20 Last updated: 2013-05-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Action Research In Waste Management: Application to construction and demolition waste in the Stockholm region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Action Research In Waste Management: Application to construction and demolition waste in the Stockholm region
2010 (English)In: Linnaeus ECO-TECH ´10 / [ed] Fabio Kaczala, Linnaeus University , 2010, 1009-1019 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The action research methodology and several of its methods have previously been highlighted and described by the authors as a fitting and rigorous framework approach for complex waste management systems.  This was in response to criticism of the ex ante selection of traditional empiric systems analysis tools to provide decision support and ‘sustainable improvement’ in such complex systems which often involve strong human and political factors.   Several of the action research methods described have recently been utilized in a case study around mineral (aggregate) construction and demolition waste in the Stockholm region.  These methods were integrated through a series of workshops and work areas undergone together with project members from several private and public sectors.  Leaving the problem fuzzy (loosely defined) in the beginning; utilizing convergent interviewing, rich pictures and focus groups allowed the researchers and partner stakeholders to identify not one but several problem areas within the system of focus.  Indicator creation and a dialectic processes were then used to identify qualitative and quantitative aspects of salience around these problem areas.  These resulting indicators were strengthened through a process of verification.  Each indicator was then analyzed by what was deemed to be appropriate and transparent means.  It is argued that this approach may create better communication, transparency, and understanding by the stakeholders.  These factors in turn allowing stronger stakeholder ownership of the process and assisting in more informed decisions and help to provide stability for desired change. However the process was not without its drawbacks such as intense communication and time requirements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University, 2010
Keyword
waste management, action research, post normal
National Category
Other Natural Sciences Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-50217 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Natural Sciences and Technologies for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Remediation, Emissions Related to Climate, Environmental and Economic Effects
Projects
Project BRA
Note
QC 20120110Available from: 2012-01-10 Created: 2011-12-02 Last updated: 2013-05-22Bibliographically approved
2. Improvement of aggregate cycles in Stockholm and the Baltic Region: Activities and results of the BRA initiative
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improvement of aggregate cycles in Stockholm and the Baltic Region: Activities and results of the BRA initiative
2012 (English)In: WASCON 2012 Conference proceedings / [ed] M. Arm, C. Vandecasteele, J. Heynen, P. Suer and B. Lind, 2012, 1-9 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

From 2009 until 2011 project BRA (Bygg-och Rivningsavfall i Stockholms Län) “Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste in Stockholm County” was coordinated from the division of Industrial Ecology, KTH. This project was focused on actively improving (from plural perspectives) the cycles of C&D (specifically non-metallic inert) materials in the region. In response to the normative aim and inter-systems complexity, a highly participative action research procedure was adopted. Through processes of network communication, workshops, a course, and an international symposium - a number of issues (such as market development, recycled product quality, greenhouse gas impacts, collaborative planning, and statistics) were prioritized, researched, and acted upon. Indicators for measuring progress in selected areas were developed and preliminary action plans created. At a final co-organized symposium Swedish delegates laid the groundwork for the establishment of a Swedish C&D recycling b ranch organization. This initiative of continued collaboration between and within sectors is seen as a vehicle for the priorities and action requirements identified in BRA to be further enabled and held in focus. Furthermore, these actors taking ownership of the process is seen as a success in accordance to the original aims and the need for further cycles of evaluation, planning, and action.

Keyword
by-product, recycling, synergy, industrial ecology, facilitation
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122402 (URN)
Conference
WASCON 2012 – towards effective, durable and sustainable production and use of alternative materials in construction. 8th International conference on sustainable management of waste and recycled materials in construction
Note

QC 20130522

Available from: 2013-05-20 Created: 2013-05-20 Last updated: 2016-11-24Bibliographically approved
3. Looplocal: a Heuristic Visualization Tool for the Strategic Facilitation of Industrial Symbiosis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Looplocal: a Heuristic Visualization Tool for the Strategic Facilitation of Industrial Symbiosis
2012 (English)In: Greening of Industry Netowrk Proceedings / [ed] Leo Baas, 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Industrial symbiosis (IS) developments have been differentiated as ‘self organized’, ‘facilitated’, and ‘planned’. This article introduces a tool that has been built with objectives to support the strategic facilitation of IS. ‘Looplocal’ is a visualization tool built to assist in 1) the identification of regions prone to new industrial symbiosis activities 2) market potential exchanges to key actors and 3) assist aspiring facilitators to assess the various strategies and social methodologies available for the initial phases of a facilitated industrial symbiosis venture. This tool combines life cycle inventory (LCI) data, waste statistics, and national industrial data (including geographic, activity, economic, and contact information) to perform a heuristic analysis of raw material and energy inputs and outputs (wastes). Along with an extensive list of ‘waste to raw material’ substitutions (which may be direct, combined, or upgraded) gathered from IS uncovering studies, IS organizations, and waste and energy professionals; heuristic regional output to input ‘matching’ can be visualized. On a national or regional scale the tool gives a quick overview of what could be the most interesting regions to prioritize resources for IS facilitation. Focusing in on a regional level, the tool visualizes the potential structure of the network in that region (centralized, decentralized, or distributed), allowing a facilitator to adapt the networking approach correspondingly. The tool also visualizes potential IS transfer information, along with key stakeholder data. The authors have performed a proof of concept run of this tool in the ‘industrial disperse’ context of Sweden. In its early stages of application, the method has proven capable of identifying regions prone to the investment of facilitators’ resources. The material focus and custom possibilities for the tool show potential for a wide spectrum of potential facilitators: from waste management companies (using the tool as a strategic market analysis tool) to national or regional authorities looking to lower negative environmental impacts, to ‘sustainable’ industry sectors looking to strengthen market positioning. In conjunction with proper long term business models, such a tool could be reusable itself over the evolution of facilitation activities and aims.

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Information Systems Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122401 (URN)
Conference
18th conference of the Greening of Industry Network
Note

QC 20130522

Available from: 2013-05-20 Created: 2013-05-20 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved

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