Investigation of direct reduction of lumps from natural hematite iron ore
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The effects of the main characteristics of hematite natural ore lumps such as weight and microstructure and the parameters of the direct reduction process (gas flow rate and temperature) on the reduction degree and thermo-mechanical degradation of iron ore lumps were investigated. Lumps from Muko deposit were used for direct reduction with H2/CO, ratio of 1.5. The temperature and gas flow rate ranged from 700-900°C and 0.25-1.0 L/min, respectively. The highest reduction degree (0.88-0.91) was obtained by direct reduction of 3-4 g samples at 900°C and 0.5 L/min. The effects of the flow rate of the reduction gas in the furnace and the carbon deposited on a sample surface on the accuracy of the weight measurement and the reduction degree by using the thermal gravimetric technique were estimated and discussed. It was further discovered that the natural microstructure of a lump iron ore has an effect on the reduction time.
natural iron ore lumps, direct reduction, reduction behaviour, weight, microstructure, reduction degree
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122456OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122456DiVA: diva2:622457
QS 20132013-05-222013-05-222013-05-31Bibliographically approved