Breakthrough fuel cell technology using ceria-based multi-functional nanocomposites
2013 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 106, 163-175 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Recent scientific and technological advancements have provided a wealth of new information about solid oxide-molten salt composite materials and multifunctional ceria-based nano-composites for advanced fuel cells (NANOCOFC). NANOCOFC is a new approach for designing and developing of multi-functionalities for nanocomposite materials, especially at 300-600 degrees C. NANOCOFC and low temperature advanced ceramic fuel cells (LTACFCs) are growing as a new promising area of research which can be explored in various ways. The ceria-based composite materials have been developed as competitive electrolyte candidates for low temperature ceramic fuel cells (LTCFCs). In the latest developments, multifunctional materials have been developed by integrating semi- and ion conductors, which have resulted in an emerging insight knowledge concerned with their R&D on single-component electrolyte-free fuel cells (EFFCs) - a breakthrough fuel cell technology. A homogenous component/layer of the semi- and ion conducting materials can realize fuel cell all functions to avoid using three components: anode, electrolyte and cathode, i.e. "three in one" highlighted by Nature Nanotechnology (2011). This report gives a short review and advance knowledge on worldwide activities on the ceria-based composites, emphasizing on the latest semi-ion conductive nanocomposites and applications for new applied energy technologies. It gives an overview to help the audience to get a comprehensive understanding on this new field.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 106, 163-175 p.
Ceramic fuel cells, NANOCOFC, Ceria-based composite, Electrolyte-free fuel cell, Single component, Nanocomposite
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122497DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.01.014ISI: 000317544400016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84874400829OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122497DiVA: diva2:622758
FunderSwedish Research Council, 621-2011-4983Vinnova
QC 201305232013-05-232013-05-232013-11-22Bibliographically approved