Universal fractionation of lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCCs) from lignocellulosic biomass: an example using spruce wood
2013 (English)In: The Plant Journal, ISSN 0960-7412, E-ISSN 1365-313X, Vol. 74, no 2, 328-338 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is of both theoretical and practical importance to develop a universally applicable approach for the fractionation and sensitive lignin characterization of lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCCs) from all types of lignocellulosic biomass, both natively and after various types of processing. In the present study, a previously reported fractionation approach that is applicable for eucalyptus (hardwood) and flax (non-wood) was further improved by introducing an additional step of barium hydroxide precipitation to isolate the mannan-enriched LCC (glucomannan-lignin, GML), in order to suit softwood species as well. Spruce wood was used as the softwood sample. As indicated by the recovery yield and composition analysis, all of the lignin was recovered in three LCC fractions: a glucan-enriched fraction (glucan-lignin, GL), a mannan-enriched fraction (GML) and a xylan-enriched fraction (xylan-lignin, XL). All of the LCCs had high molecular masses and were insoluble or barely soluble in a dioxane/water solution. Carbohydrate and lignin signals were observed in H-1 NMR, C-13 CP-MAS NMR and normal- or high-sensitivity 2D HSQC NMR analyses. The carbohydrate and lignin constituents in each LCC fraction are therefore believed to be chemically bonded rather than physically mixed with one another. The three LCC fractions were found to be distinctly different from each other in terms of their lignin structures, as revealed by highly sensitive analyses by thioacidolysis-GC, thioacidolysis-SEC and pyrolysis-GC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 74, no 2, 328-338 p.
lignin-carbohydrate complex (LCC), universal fractionation approach, spruce, NMR, thioacidolysis, pyrolysis-GC
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122524DOI: 10.1111/tpj.12124ISI: 000317296200012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84876293824OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122524DiVA: diva2:623017
QC 201305242013-05-242013-05-232013-08-20Bibliographically approved