Magnetism of amorphous and nanocrystalized dc-sputter-deposited MgO Thin Films
2013 (English)In: NANOMATERIALS, ISSN 2079-4991, Vol. 3, no 3, 486-497 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We report a systematic study of room-temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) in pristine MgO thin films in their amorphous and nano-crystalline states. The as deposited dc-sputtered films of pristine MgO on Si substrates using a metallic Mg target in an O-2 containing working gas atmosphere of (N-2 + O-2) are found to be X-ray amorphous. All these films obtained with oxygen partial pressure (P-O2) similar to 10% to 80% while maintaining the same total pressure of the working gas are found to be ferromagnetic at room temperature. The room temperature saturation magnetization (MS) value of 2.68 emu/cm(3) obtained for the MgO film deposited in P-O2 of 10% increases to 9.62 emu/cm3 for film deposited at P-O2 of 40%. However, the MS values decrease steadily for further increase of oxygen partial pressure during deposition. On thermal annealing at temperatures in the range 600 to 800 degrees C, the films become nanocrystalline and as the crystallite size grows with longer annealing times and higher temperature, MS decreases. Our study clearly points out that it is possible to tailor the magnetic properties of thin films of MgO. The room temperature ferromagnetism in MgO films is attributed to the presence of Mg cation vacancies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 3, no 3, 486-497 p.
room temperature ferromagnetism, Mg vacancy, magnetron sputtering, O-2 content; annealing
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122628DOI: 10.3390/nano3030486ISI: 000342201300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122628DiVA: diva2:623077
QC 20150626. Updated from manuscript to article in journal.2013-05-242013-05-242015-06-26Bibliographically approved