Long-term bed rest-induced reductions in stroke volume during rest and exercise: cardiac dysfunction vs. volume depletion
2005 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 98, no 2, 648-654 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Long-term head-down-tilt bed rest (HDT) causes cardiovascular deconditioning, attributed to reflex dysfunctions, plasma volume reduction, or cardiac impairments. Our objective with the present study was to evaluate the functional importance and relative contribution of these during rest and exercise in supine and upright postures. We studied six subjects before (baseline), during [days 60 (D60) and 113 (D113)], and after [recovery days 0 (R0), 3 (R3), and 15 (R15)] 120 days of -6 degrees HDT. We determined cardiac output, stroke volume (SV), mean arterial pressure, and heart rate during rest and exercise in supine and upright postures. Cardiac output and SV decreased significantly in all four conditions, but the time courses differed for rest and exercise. Upright resting SV was decreased by 24 +/- 9% at D60 compared with baseline but had recovered already at R3. Supine exercise SV decreased more slowly (by 5 +/- 8% at D60 and by 18 +/- 4% at D113) and recovered more slowly after HDT termination. Steady-state mean arterial pressure showed no changes. Heart rate had increased by 18 +/- 4% at D60 and had recovered partially at R3. Our data indicate that long-term HDT causes both a rapid, preload-dependent reduction in SV, most evident during rest in the upright position, and a more slowly developing cardiac dysfunction, most evident during supine exercise. However, the ability to maintain blood pressure and to perform sustained low levels of dynamic exercise is not influenced by HDT.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 98, no 2, 648-654 p.
hypokinesia, microgravity, deconditioning, head-down tilt, orthostasis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123233DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01332.2003ISI: 000226282400032PubMedID: 15501923ScopusID: 2-s2.0-12344335927OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-123233DiVA: diva2:625544
QC 201306102013-06-052013-06-052016-04-29Bibliographically approved