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Exploring the incorporation of users in an innovating business unit
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9746-4498
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6024-7908
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Technology Management, ISSN 0267-5730, Vol. 61, no 3-4, 293-308 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of user involvement has long been stressed in the innovation management literature. However, we argue that this literature does not take sufficient account to the employment and incorporation of users in innovation. Hence, we explore the role of incorporated users in innovation activities. The research was conducted in a business unit in a large medical technology company with long experience of employing and incorporating physicians and nurses in its new product development activities. Data were collected through a questionnaire and interviews with key individuals. The study reveals that the incorporation of users has an overall positive effect on innovation activities, but that this way of working also raises several managerial issues. The results show that incorporated users play several different roles in the unit as user representatives, networkers, idea promoters and change agents. Based on our findings we propose managerial implications related to the incorporation of users.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 61, no 3-4, 293-308 p.
Keyword [en]
user innovation, incorporated users, roles in innovation, medical technology, social network analysis
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123642DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.2013.052672ISI: 000318586700006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84875674259OAI: diva2:628226

QC 20130613

Available from: 2013-06-13 Created: 2013-06-13 Last updated: 2014-09-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Leveraging user relationships for innovation within sustained producer-user ecosystems: Observations from the medical technology industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leveraging user relationships for innovation within sustained producer-user ecosystems: Observations from the medical technology industry
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today we can see how companies are making significant investments in various methods and tools to access and utilize the users’ knowledge for the purpose of innovation efforts. What many highly innovative companies try to accomplish with these investments is to develop and establish sustained producer-user ecosystems. The aim of these ecosystems is often to encourage users to collaborate with each other and with the producer in order to generate innovations related to the offering of the producer. However, although these ecosystems are proven to create new innovation opportunities for companies, it has been shown that a close collaboration with many users brings about a number of challenges for companies. For example, it can be costly and time-consuming to establish and utilize large numbers of user relationships and it can be difficult to align the innovation interests of established producers with those of the users. Moreover, the fact that many innovating users have relationships to one another can contribute to conflicts of interests and established producers may have to balance stability and change within the ecosystem. Another challenge in the utilization of user relationships is that it is not only dependent on the direct interaction with users but also the internal dissemination and utilization of information related to the users’ needs. This dissemination can be problematic since it is costly and difficult to forward timely and reliable information about the users’ needs. Consequently, the aim of this thesis is to better understand how companies that are operating within sustained producer-user ecosystems can leverage user relationships for the purpose of innovation. The research forming the foundation for this thesis was carried out within two established medical technology companies that successfully had developed innovations within this type of ecosystems. Quantitative and qualitative data was collectedand a number of different analyses were conducted. The results reveal that these ecosystems can be understood as a system where direct and indirect user experiences are distributed among employees and users. This in turn implies that employees utilization of user relationships can be understood as a function of the extent to which employees knows and values the pertinence of their own as well as others direct and indirect user experiences as well as accessibility and cost of seeking user-information from other people. The results demonstrate that when companies experience high costs related to the acquisition of user experiences they may benefit from employing users to occupy boundary-spanning roles. However, the thesis reveals how the utilization of such boundary-spanning roles brings with it a number of organizational challenges. Moreover, an important aspect of success tends to be the utilization of relationships to so-called transformational users. These users experience problems with established producers' current products before the majority of users, they adopt new technologies earlier than their peers, and they cooperate with established producers for the purpose of transformation of a product field in order to obtain or maintain a central position within the ecosystem. Furthermore, the results reveal how established producers and users are jointly engaged in value creation through various collaborations. However, the results also indicate that the utilization of user relationships for innovation within these types of ecosystems is, to a large extent, a matter of managing tensions emerging within and around these collaborations. On a general level, this thesis points to the potential benefits of considering producer-user ecosystems as a comprehensive perspective, which may explain how companies gain and sustain a competitive edge, rather than one out of many approaches that companies can apply in order to leverage user relationships for innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 73 p.
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2014:10
Producer-user ecosystems, User involvement, Innovation, Boundary-spanners, Social networks, Medical technology
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Machine Design
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-151359 (URN)978-91-7595-263-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-03, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)

QC 20140918

Available from: 2014-09-18 Created: 2014-09-18 Last updated: 2014-11-04Bibliographically approved

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