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Energy-Efficient Homes Using Off-The-Shelf Products and Materials
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Canada is a highly energy-intensive country, because of its high living standard, large territory, extreme cold climate, and significant industrial base. In 2011, Canada’s residential sector consumed about 1,446 petajoules (PJ), accounting for 13.5 percent of the total energy use and offering significant energy-saving potential. The key objective of this thesis project is to quantify the potentially achievable improvement in energy efficiency of a typical single detached home in a municipality in Ontario, Canada by using off-the-shelf products and materials. A building simulation tool modeled the energy use of a prototypical house using eQUEST, a DOE-2 based program that calculates the energy use and cost of commercial or residential building given information on weather, architectural, envelope materials, internal loads, electrical, mechanical, schedules, and economic parameters. Simulation results show that 36.8 percent energy savings are attainable by using off-the-shelf products and materials for building envelope, lighting, electrical appliances, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system and control; these exclude heat pumps, which may not be economical to use as the only heat source in cold climates. However, recent developments in heat pump technologies and relatively low electricity prices in certain locations in Canada offer major opportunity to save energy by up to 54.2 percent through the use of heat pumps.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Canada, residential sector, energy efficiency, off-the-shelf products and materials, eQUEST, DOE-2
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123666OAI: diva2:628443
Educational program
Master of Science - Sustainable Energy Engineering
2013-06-11, 14:00 (English)
Available from: 2013-06-26 Created: 2013-06-14 Last updated: 2013-06-26Bibliographically approved

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Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration
Energy Engineering

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