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Uncertainty analysis of the von Kármán constant
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. (Henrik Alfredsson)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8667-0520
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. (Henrik Alfredsson)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1663-3553
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. (Henrik Alfredsson)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1146-3241
2013 (English)In: Experiments in Fluids, ISSN 0723-4864, E-ISSN 1432-1114, Vol. 54, no 2, 1460- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 1930, von Karman presented an expression for the mean velocity distribution in channel and pipe flows that can be transformed into the today well-known logarithmic velocity distribution. At the same time, he also formulated the logarithmic skin friction law and obtained a value of 0.38 for the constant named after him through pipe flow pressure drop measurements. Different approaches to determine the von Karman constant from mean velocity measurements have been proposed over the last decades, sometimes giving different results even when employed on the same data, partly because the range over which the logarithmic law should be fitted is also under debate. Up to today, the research community has not been able to converge toward a single value and the favored values range between 0.36 and 0.44 for different research groups and canonical flow cases. The present paper discusses some pitfalls and error sources of commonly employed estimation methods and shows, through the use of boundary layer data from Osterlund (1999) that von Karman's original suggestion of 0.38 seems still to be valid for zero pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer flows. More importantly, it is shown that the uncertainty in the determination of the von Karman constant can never be less than the uncertainty in the friction velocity, thereby yielding a realistic uncertainty for the most debated constant in wall turbulence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 54, no 2, 1460- p.
Keyword [en]
Error sources, Estimation methods, Flow pressure, Friction velocity, In-channels, Logarithmic law, Mean velocity distribution, Research communities, Research groups, Single-value, Wall turbulence, Zero-pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123636DOI: 10.1007/s00348-013-1460-3ISI: 000318156200016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84873377537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-123636DiVA: diva2:628524
Note

QC 20130614

Available from: 2013-06-14 Created: 2013-06-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Segalini, AntonioÖrlü, RamisAlfredsson, P. Henrik

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