Thermoeconomic evaluation of integration concepts for solar & biomass hybrid power plants
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the ASME Power Conference 2013: presented at ASME 2013 power conference, July 29-August 1, 2013, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, ASME Press, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
Solar thermal energy and biomass fuels are often available at locations where they can benefit from combined hybrid energy utilization methods for the generation of electricity, representing suitable and advantageous integration alternatives. The feasibility of concentrating solar power (CSP) systems depends on cost limitations, desired installed power capacity and direct solar insolation, where smaller scales and low-cost solutions can often be preferred to large-scale investmentintensive installations. Biomass residues of various types, on the other hand, can be considered as proven fuels for small-to-midscale utility or industry based power or cogen arrangements and utilized through various technologies. The thermodynamic integration between a biomass fired power plant and a CSP unit can help to significantly increase the availability of the plant, improve its partial load characteristics, compensate for the intermittency of the solar energy resource while preserving the purely renewable profile of the generated electricity, and at the same time showing better overall performance when compared to two separate plants while avoiding the need for costly energy storage solutions. Biomass fuels can help reach better steam conditions in a steam plant based on CSP-generated steam, and thus improve the efficiency of energy conversion for the integrated hybrid system if compared with two individual single-fuel power units. In this study, an overview of feasible solar-biomass integration concepts is presented. A deeper thermoeconomic analysis of a selected integrated utility-scale biomass and CSP electricity generation plant is attempted, with certain simplifications. Furthermore, a multiobjective optimization strategy is regarded as very necessary and thus included in the analysis, where several major environmental aspects plus the cost of electricity are involved and defined in terms of desired parameters and conditions representative to Central Europe and Southeastern United States. The results are compared with conventional power generation alternatives. On that basis, a low-parameter CSP solution integrated with conventional biomass-fired combustion unit, where solar-generated steam is being superheated by the biomass fuel, has been chosen as the focus of the analysis in this study.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ASME Press, 2013.
solar, biomass, integration, hybrid, power plant, thermoeconomic evaluation, costs
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123684DOI: 10.1115/POWER2013-98116ISI: 000349875400022ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84896300656ISBN: 978-079185606-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-123684DiVA: diva2:628525
ASME 2013 Power Conference, POWER 2013; Boston, MA; United States, 29 July 2013 through 1 August 2013
QC 201310302013-06-142013-06-142015-12-07Bibliographically approved