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Becoming the Energy AWARE Clock: Revisiting the Design Process Through a Feminist Gaze
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Product and Service Design. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC, Green Leap.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Product and Service Design. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC, Green Leap.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5621-7327
School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. Interactive Institute. (Energy Design)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1451-4187
2013 (English)In: Experiments in Design Research / [ed] Eva Brandt, Pelle Ehn, Troels Degn Johansson, Maria Hellström Reimer, Thomas Markussen, Anna Vallgårda, Köpenhamn: The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools Architecture, Design and Conservation , 2013, 258-266 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the border between technology and design (form giving) from a feminist perspective. Looking at the energy system and how it has been integrated in the household, we want to address the underlying structures that have been built into the ecology of electrical appliances used in daily life, preserving certain norms that could be questioned from both a gender and a sustainability perspective. We have created an alternative electricity meter, the Energy AWARE Clock, addressing design issues uncovered in an initial field study. In this paper, we will make parallels to these issues. We also use feminist technoscience studies scholar Donna Haraway’s theory of the cyborg in order to clarify useful concepts that can be derived from feminist theory and that can act as important tools for designers engaged in creative processes. From our own experience with the Energy AWARE Clock this approach has great potential for questioning and rethinking present norms within sustainability and gender, from the viewpoints of design research and design practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Köpenhamn: The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools Architecture, Design and Conservation , 2013. 258-266 p.
Keyword [en]
design, interaction design, FTS, energy, research trough design, gender
National Category
Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123892ISBN: 978-87-7830-316-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-123892DiVA: diva2:630841
Conference
Nordic Design Research Conference. Expressions, knowledge, critique. June 9-12, 2013, Malmö and Copenhagen
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20130712

Available from: 2013-06-19 Created: 2013-06-19 Last updated: 2017-02-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Storyforming: Experiments in creating discursive engagements between people, things and environments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Storyforming: Experiments in creating discursive engagements between people, things and environments
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis introduces and critically reflects on a design programme, Storyforming, that explores ways to design objects and places to enrich daily life narratives. Using an experimental design approach, the goal is to exemplify and explore this idea with discursive artefacts that, through their physical and temporal form, act as catalysts in the construction of meaningful experiences.

In the current sustainability discourse, behavioural change has been pointed out as a key factor in achieving a sustainable society. Historically, design has been very effective in increasing production and consumption behaviours by creating new types of needs and, in a way, manufacturing desire (Forty, 1986). Drawing on this, the overarching aim of this thesis is the investigation of the ways design, through a suggested programme, can afford alternative types of meaningful experiences in contrast to the prevailing consumer culture.

The empirical work reported in the thesis stems from several research projects looking into the matter of energy use in relation to design. In addition, two of the projects have been carried out in the author’s own design practice. Some concepts are explored more in-depth—involving events such as field studies, situated interviews, workshops, prototype building, design interventions in the form of domestication probes, and contextual studies ranging from a few weeks up to a year—while other concepts exist only as sketches or photo montages. The diversity of these concepts, the design experiments, helps span a design space becoming a new provisional design programme. The idea for this programme has evolved from observations and reflections made throughout the experiments presented in the thesis.

The general results are the suggested approach of Storyforming, which focuses on the design of artefacts supporting daily narratives that can be used to create engagement, meaning, and alternative values applicable to the discourse of sustainable behaviour.

Specific contributions are the selection of design experiments. In the thesis, the experiments have first been examined from the perspective of stories and forming as a basis for the new programme formulation. Through this articulation of the programme, the experiments are revisited through three leitmotifs, part of the provisional programme focusing on different properties related to the aspect of forming. From the perspective of the user, these themes—seeing and accessing designs, exploring and expressing complexity, and sharing experiences and negotiating use—are finally elaborated on in relation to other theoretical concepts as well as their implications for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 287 p.
Series
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 14:6
Keyword
interaction design, sustainable design, research through design, critical design
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Machine Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148049 (URN)978-91-7595-212-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-09-03, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20140825

Available from: 2014-08-25 Created: 2014-07-19 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved
2. TILLBLIVELSER: En trasslig berättelse om design som normkritisk praktik
Open this publication in new window or tab >>TILLBLIVELSER: En trasslig berättelse om design som normkritisk praktik
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The increasing awareness of norm-critical perspectives (in society, academia and industry) brings with it the need to develop methods to ensure they can be implemented in practice. This thesis discusses how the role of design contributes to and maintains norms, and shows how design as a norm critical practice has great potential to bridge the gap between theory and practice in norm-critical work. This potential lies in using design as a peda-gogic tool that can concretize and make understandable what would otherwise be perceived as complex, unclear or remote. The thesis pays special attention to the role of artefacts in the creation of the stories of the world. The discursive design thing is introduced as a tool to visualize norms and to create discussion. The three-dimensional, physical thing exposes us to a more diverse experience of norms than when we just address them in words or pictures.The empirical work in this thesis stems from five research projects that differ from each other and were carried out under varied conditions. The projects have tackled a range of problems and power relationships. However, together they draw a complex picture of how norms arise, overlap and constantly change over time, place and space – and how design can be used to support or disrupt this process.By revisiting the projects, it becomes clear how the researcher’s position and actions (or non-actions) shape the norm development process. This results in an insight that meaning can not be construc-ted from an outside perspective, but is a constant ”becoming” that occurs in an entanglement of relationships arising between different bodies, both human and non-human. As a norm critical perspective implies paying attention to power relationships, it also assumes a power critical approach to the production of meaning extracted from the norm-critical work, and that we – as researchers and designers – take responsibility for our prevail by highlighting our own bodies and gaze.The thesis therefore proposes the concept of diffraction as an approach to the production of meaning in norm critical design practices. A diffractive approach enables an understanding of how the production of meaning occurs in various coincidences, but also how our own interventions shape the story. It opens up to the realization that parallel narratives are possible and thus becomes a tool to break away from the linear understanding framework and offer an exploration of alternative thought patterns. A diffractive approach to the production of meaning is thus also a tool to pro-mote increased creativity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017
Series
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2017:01
National Category
Design
Research subject
Machine Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-202361 (URN)978-91-7729-277-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-10, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170222

Available from: 2017-02-22 Created: 2017-02-21 Last updated: 2017-03-30Bibliographically approved

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Ehrnberger et al. Becoming the Energy AWARE Clock Nordes 2013(388 kB)140 downloads
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