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Kai Tak Urban Development, Hong Kong: Landscape as base for urban development
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hong Kong Stadsutveckling (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

STARTING POINT

Inspired by several projects during my studies, my interest lies on the interface between ecology and social space. As a landscape architect I have had the opportunity to gather experience within that field, both theoretical and practical. Public space highly depends on the urban and the natural landscape where social interactions are taking place. Both landscape types serve as a meeting point and as a communication platform. To investigate these relations I decided to work in one of the probably most complex areas for urban development in the world.

FRAMEWORK

The current plans serve a lobby which doesn’t represent the general citizenship. An example among others is, that the current development plans divide the area into investor friendly plot sizes for high market prices of land. Also, the Sport stadium is located at the most famous spot along the waterfront, closing down the area for the greater public by creating a semi-public space. The urban fabric is designed as an enclave inside the former airport area, rather than interfacing with the existing environment. A long sighted urban development needs a ecological and social stable foundation to function and to be resilient to changes of society and climate.

As the Kai Tak area is a landfill it overrunned existing ecological functions from the environment. Through artificial recreation of those (necessary) functions a resilient urban environment can be established. The need is already understood by the local citizenship in the adjacent neighbourhood of Kowloon. Here, the local citizenship formed a movement for revitalisation and reaccessibility of the Kai Tak River as a common space. I claim, based on the theory of place-making and landscape urbanism, that a vibrant city needs social interaction in public, good infrastructure and accessible ecological systems.

These should all be accessible and usable by all social groups, regardless to income, ethnic background or status.

DESIGN

In the proposal the landscape is the base for a resilient urbanity, it provides several ecosytem services as waterfiltration, collects stormwater and provides habitat for different species. In Hong Kong, where nature touches city, this development can strengthen the green structure and hence help keeping different  habitats connected and counteract the extinction of species. The aims of the work are going to be applied within the design proposal.

Abstract [sv]

UTGÅNGSPUNKT

Inspirerad av flera projekt under mina studier, mitt intresse ligger på gränssnittet mellan ekologi och socialt utrymme. Som landskapsarkitekt har jag haft möjlighet att samla erfarenhet inom detta område, både teoretisk och praktisk. Det offentliga rummet beror mycket på den urbana och det naturliga landskapet där sociala interaktioner sker. Båda landskapstyper fungera som en mötesplats och som en kommunikationsplattform. För att undersöka dessa förhållanden beslutade jag att arbeta i ett av de förmodligen mest komplexa områden för stadsutveckling i världen.

RAMVERK

De nuvarande planerna tjänar en lobby som inte representerar den allmänna medborgarskap. Den stadsstrukturen är utformad som en enklav inom det tidigare flygplatsområdet, snarare än att samverka med den befintliga miljön. En långsynt stadsutveckling behöver en ekologisk och socialt stabil grund för att fungera och för att vara motståndskraftiga mot förändringar i samhället och klimat. Jag hävdar, baserat på teorin om place-making och landscape urbanism, att en levande stad behöver social interaktion i offentliga rum, god infrastruktur och tillgängliga ekologiska system. Dessutom bör alla vara tillgängliga och användbara för alla samhällsgrupper, oavsett inkomst, etnisk bakgrund eller social status. I förslaget landskapet är basen för en resilient urbanitet, flera ekosystemtjänster som t ex dagvattenhantering och ger livsmiljö för olika arter. I Hong Kong, där naturen berör stad, kan denna utveckling stärker den gröna strukturen och därmed hjälpa att hålla olika livsmiljöer anslutna och motverka utrotningen av arter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 7 p.
Keyword [en]
Hong Kong, Urban development
National Category
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-124016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-124016DiVA: diva2:632258
Educational program
Master of Science - Architecture
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-12-02 Created: 2013-06-24 Last updated: 2013-12-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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