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Owning versus Leasing Corporate Real Estate: A study of Swedish municipalities
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Äga kontra hyra versamhetsfastigheter: En studie av svenska fastigheter (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Every choice between owning and leasing corporate real estate is unique. Therefore every single case needs to be analyzed very thoroughly. The analysis can be in the form of a cash flow analysis and must be done on both cases: to own and to lease. Factors other than the purely financial ones must also be considered. The way the lease contract is written is very central to the choice between owning and leasing. Almost everything can be regulated in the lease contract.

Another factor that has great impact on the decision between owning and leasing is the way one looks on risk vs. return. The result of the cash flow analysis is very dependent on the risk, so it’s obvious that the discount rate has an important role in the decision making.

It is the author’s strong belief that the trend is to lease more and own less. This is applicable for private enterprises. Regarding Swedish municipalities it seems to be the other way around. The majority of the municipalities don’t have any plans on selling their real estate.

The difference between owning and leasing can be very vague because lease contracts can be written in so many different ways. Therefore there is almost never a clear answer which is best, owning or leasing. My ambition with this text has never been to find a right or wrong, but to analyze the different aspects of leasing and owning real estate.

Abstract [sv]

Varje enskilt fall måste noggrant gås igenom för att kunna dra någon slutsats om huruvida det är bäst att äga eller hyra ett fastighetsbestånd. Man måste räkna, med hjälp av t.ex. en kassaflödesanalys, på de båda fallen. Andra faktorer än de direkt ekonomiska från teorin måste även tas hänsyn till. Valet mellan hyra och äga beror till stor del av formuleringen av ett eventuellt hyreskontrakt. I kontraktet går nästan allt att reglera. Hur man ser på och utvärderar risk kontra avkastning är en faktor som även den till stor del påverkar valet mellan äga och hyra. Risken påverkar diskonteringsräntan som ligger till grund för den kassaflödesanalys som måste göras för att utvärdera de olika investeringsalternativen.

Trenden, inom den privata sektorn, går mot att hyra mer. Bland kommuner är denna trend inte alls tydlig. Tvärtom så verkar de flesta kommuner inte ha planer på att sälja ut sitt fastighetsbestånd.

Eftersom ett kontrakt kan vara utformat sådant att det knappt går att tala om att äga eller hyra, utan något mellanting, så finns det sällan något entydigt svar på vad som är bäst av att äga eller hyra. Det var aldrig min ambition att hitta något rätt och fel på det stora hela.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [en]
Owning, Leasing, Sale and Leaseback, Disposal
Keyword [sv]
Äga, hyra, versamhetsfastigheter, sale- and leaseback
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-124131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-124131DiVA: diva2:633109
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-26 Created: 2013-06-26 Last updated: 2013-06-26Bibliographically approved

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Michael Lanefelt(485 kB)83 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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