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Quantification of the false vocal-folds effects on the intra-glottal pressures using large eddy simulation
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7330-6965
Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, University of Cincinnati-Medical Center.
Aerospace Engineering, University of Cincinnati.
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics: Volume 19, 2013, Acoustical Society of America (ASA), 2013, 1-8 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

During the closing phase of the phonation cycle the true vocal-folds (TVF) have a convergent-divergent shape. The negative pressures generated by the flow through the glottal passage are producing closing forces acting on the TVFs. They can affect both vocal-fold vibration and voice production, since they can accelerate the closing phase. Large Eddy Simulation approach is used to investigate the intra-glottal forces generated solely by the flow during the closing phase. The influence of the gap between the false vocal-folds (FVFs) and the location of FVFs with respect to the TVFs are analyzed. Based on anatomical measurements, four different widths between the FVFs and two different distances between the true and false vocal-folds are investigated for the same trans-laryngeal pressure. The TVFs gap is kept constant. All cases exhibit a non-symmetric flow behavior in the mid-frontal plane. As the distance between the FVFs is decrease beyond a threshold value (still greater than glottal width), there is an increase in the magnitude of the closing forces acting on the TVFs. On the divergent slope of the glottis, these forces were found for some of the cases to be up to four times greater in magnitude as compared with the Baseline case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Acoustical Society of America (ASA), 2013. 1-8 p.
, Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, ISSN 1939-800X ; 19
Keyword [en]
Closing force, Closing phase, Flow behaviors, Flowthrough, Glottal width, Large eddy, Negative pressures, Voice production
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Otorhinolaryngology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-124155DOI: 10.1121/1.4799796.ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84878989900OAI: diva2:633222
21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America; Montreal, QC; Canada; 2 June 2013 through 7 June 2013

QC 20131121

Available from: 2013-06-26 Created: 2013-06-26 Last updated: 2013-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Mihaescu, Mihai
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