Modeling of EGR Mixing in an Engine Intake Manifold using LES.
2014 (English)In: Oil & gas science and technology, ISSN 1294-4475, E-ISSN 1953-8189, Vol. 69, no 1, 167-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigate the mixing process of exhaust gases with fresh air in Internal Combustion Engines (ICE). For this purpose, the flow in an inlet manifold of a six-cylinder heavy-duty Diesel engine is computed using compressible Large Eddy Simulations (LES). The Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) concentration is modeled as a passive scalar. The results are validated by on-engine measurements of the EGR concentration using CO2-probes. The boundary conditions for the highly pulsating flow are taken partly from one-dimensional simulations, partly from pressure measurements on the engine. In order to assess the sensitivity to the boundary conditions, changes are applied to the base-line case. The mixing quality is evaluated in terms of cylinder-to-cylinder distribution and the spatial RMS over the outlet cross-sections. Different averaging techniques are applied. It was found that the temporal and spatial EGR distribution is different among the cylinders. The EGR distribution within the cylinder inlet is non-uniform. These factors imply that one should not use a time-averaged EGR value as indicator for the EGR content. Furthermore, it was found that the flow pulsations at the EGR inlet have a large influence on the EGR distribution. By comparing the LES results with measurements, it was shown that LES gives a better and deeper insight into the mixing in such turbulent, pulsating flow situations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 69, no 1, 167-176 p.
Exhaut Gas Recirculation (EGR), Large Eddy Simulation, EGR mixing, EGR distribution, experimental data, sensitivity to boundary conditions
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-124160DOI: 10.2516/ogst/2013118.ISI: 000333020500011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84894096440OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-124160DiVA: diva2:633247
QC 201404222013-06-262013-06-262014-04-22Bibliographically approved