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Dynamic analysis of soil-steel composite bridges for high speed railway traffic: Case study of a bridge in Märsta, using field measurements and FE-analysis
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Structural Engineering and Bridges.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Soil-steel composite bridge refers to structures where a buried flexible corrugated steel pipe works in composite action with the surrounding soil. These structures are being increasingly used in road and railway projects as an alternative to standard type bridges, e.g. short- and medium span concrete beam- and portal frame bridges. On account of their economic advantage and short and easy construction operation, soil-steel composite bridges are getting more popular as railway crossings located far from the cities at the heart of the nature.

In this research, the dynamic behaviour of soil-steel composite bridges under high-speed train passages is studied. The studied case is a short span soil-steel composite railway bridge located in Märsta close to Stockholm. The behaviour of the bridge is first observed through field measurements in terms of deflections, stresses, and accelerations at several locations on the bridge. The measured responses are then analysed in order to predict the properties of the soil and steel material working in composite action. Subsequently, 2D and 3D finite element models are developed in order to simulate the behaviour of the bridge. The models are calibrated using the field measurements through several parametric studies. The 3D-model also enables estimation of the load distribution, which is found to increase at higher train speeds. An effective width to be used in 2D analyses is proposed. Finally, the response of the bridge is studied under high-speed train models according to Eurocode.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trita-BKN-Examensarbete, ISSN 1103-4297 ; 373
Keyword [en]
Soil-Steel Composite Bridge, Flexible Corrugated Steel Culvert, Structural Dynamics, Acceleration, High-Speed Trains, Field Measurement, FEM
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125342OAI: diva2:639653
Available from: 2013-08-13 Created: 2013-08-08 Last updated: 2013-10-03Bibliographically approved

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