alpha-Monoacylated and alpha,alpha '- and alpha,beta '-Diacylated Dipyrrins as Highly Sensitive Fluorescence "Turn-on" Zn2+ Probes
2013 (English)In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 78, no 11, 5328-5338 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
With the purpose of developing readily synthesized CHEF (chelation-enhanced fluorescence) type Zn2+ probes with relatively simple molecular structures and excellent sensing behavior, p-anisoyl chloride was used for the acylation of 5-(pentafluorophenyl)dipyrromethane. Interestingly, the alpha,beta'-diacylated product PS2 with a unique substitution mode was obtained in high yield in addition to the normal a-substituted mono- and diacylated products PSI and PS3. Further oxidation of PS1-PS3 afforded dipyrrins S1-S3. Crystal structure and H-1 NMR measurements of S2 demonstrate the existence of a pure tautomer, which is consistent with DFT calculations. S1-S3 show highly Zn2+ selective "turn-on" fluorescence based on a CHEF mechanism by the formation of 2:1 (probe:metal) Zn2+ complexes. The emission colors can be easily tuned from green to red by changing the dipyrrin substitution modes. Furthermore, these probes demonstrate fast responses and wide applicable pH ranges. Among them, S2 shows the highest Zn2+ sensitivity, with a detection limit of 4.4 x 10(-8) M.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013. Vol. 78, no 11, 5328-5338 p.
Detection limits, DFT calculation, Dipyrrin, Emission color, Fast response, High yield, NMR measurements, Pentafluorophenyl
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125579DOI: 10.1021/jo400454eISI: 000320298700019ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84879282973OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-125579DiVA: diva2:639788
QC 201308092013-08-092013-08-092013-08-09Bibliographically approved