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ICT-behov och -verktyg inom byggproduktion: En undersökning av användbarheten, användarvänligheten och implementeringsförutsättningar av ett ICT-program
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
ICT needs and tools in construction : An Inquiry in to the usefulness, user-friendliness and implementation requirements of an ICT program (English)
Abstract [sv]

Byggproduktionen är, på grund av sina invecklade arbetsmoment och dynamiska arbetsplatser, drabbad av svåra informations- och kommunikationsproblem. Veidekke Sverige AB använder sig av virtuellt byggandet (VDC) för att lösa dessa hinder i utförandet av sina projekt. VDC tillämpar flera olika informations- och kommunikationstekniker (ICT) och har visat sig vara lönsamt vid projektering. Under projektering med VDC samlas alla beslutsbehöriga parter i ett interaktivt rum där information förmedlas snabbt och effektiv med hjälp av olika visualiseringstekniker. Då VDC saknar liknande arbetsmetoder som kan tillämpas i produktionen, används fortfarande traditionella informations- och kommunikationsprinciper.

Genom ett samarbete med Veidekke implementerades ett ICT-program i ett bostadsprojekt för att undersöka hur dess funktioner påverkade de rådande informations- och kommunikations-problem. Observationer och intervjuer utfördes för att fastställa programmets användbarhet, användarvänlighet och implementeringsvillkor.

Utvecklingen av olika molntjänster har revolutionerat möjligheterna att lagra och förvalta information. Genom att utnyttja molntjänster har olika ICT-program, såsom BIM 360 Field, utvecklats för att tillgodose byggproduktions informations- och kommunikationsbehov. Programmen skapar, via molntjänsten, ett virtuellt forum för arbetsplatsen där omfattande informationsmängder och byggnadsinformationsmodeller (BIM), kan lagras, för att sedan tillhandahållas, korrigeras och kommuniceras via mobila enheter såsom bärbara datorer, läsplattor och mobiltelefoner. BIM 360 Field erbjuder en rad olika funktioner med varierande användbarhet som bör anpassas till den svenska byggarbetsmarknaden för att öka användarvänligheten. Om programmet ska vara lönsamt krävs en fullständig implementering där majoriteten av projektets aktörer medverkar. Innan ny ICT tillämpas bör en välutformad implementeringsstrategi etableras för verksamheten.

Abstract [en]

The construction industry suffers, due it´s dynamic work environment and intricate operations, from difficult information and communication problems. To solve these problems Veidekke incorporates the use of virtual design and construction (VDC) in its projects. VDC is a project method that applies the use of several different information and communication technologies and has proven to be profitable during the design phase. The use of VDC in the design phase assembles the decision-authorized parties in an interactive room where information can be shared quickly and effectively by utilizing visualization technology. VDC, however, lacks similar work processes for the construction phase of the project which still applies traditional information and communication principles.

Through cooperation with Veidekke, an ICT-program was implemented in order to study its effect on the current information and communication problems. Observations and interviews were conducted in order to analyze the programs usability, user-friendliness and the conditions of implementation.

The development of cloud computing services has revolutionized the possibilities to store and manage information. By utilizing the advantages of cloud services several ICT programs, such as BIM 360 Field, have been designed to address the information and communication problems of the construction industry. The programs create virtual forums wherein immense amounts of information can be stored, managed accessed by mobile units such as laptop computers, table pc and cellular phones. BIM 360 Field offers a range of different functions with high usability but should be adjusted to the Swedish construction industry in order to increase user-friendliness. In order for the program to be profitable it needs be fully implemented so that all construction parties are involved.

Before new ICT can be introduced into a notoriously tech-conservative industry like construction, a well design implementation strategy needs to be established. The strategy should entail exactly which information and communication problems need to be addressed, what possibilities are available as well as how existing work processes and organizations need be conformed in order to maximize usability. The strategy should also contain an education and development plan. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
ICT, VDC, ICE, BIM 360 Field, construction, information, communication, implementation, mobility
Keyword [sv]
ICT, VDC, ICE, BIM 360 Field, produktion, information, kommunikation, implementering, tillgänglighet
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125608OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-125608DiVA: diva2:640128
External cooperation
Veidekke Bygg Sverige
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-08-12 Created: 2013-08-12 Last updated: 2013-08-12Bibliographically approved

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