On the three-dimensional structure of WC grains in cemented carbides
2013 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 61, no 13, 4726-4733 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the present work, the size distribution and shape of WC grains in cemented carbides (WC-Co), with different Co contents, have been investigated in three dimensions. Direct three-dimensional (3-D) measurements, using focused ion beam serial sectioning and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD), were performed and a 3-D microstructure was reconstructed. These measurements were supplemented by two-dimensional (2-D) EBSD and scanning electron microscopy on extracted WC grains. The data from 2-D EBSD collected on planar sections were transformed to three dimensions using a recently developed statistical method based on an iterative inverse Saltykov procedure. This stereological analysis revealed that the assumed spherical shape of WC grains during the Saltykov method is reasonable and the estimated 3-D size distribution is qualitatively in good agreement with the actual distribution measured from 3-D EBSD. Although the spherical assumption is generally fair, the WC grains have both faceted and rounded surfaces. This is a consequence of the relatively low amount of liquid phase during sintering, which makes impingements significant. Furthermore, the observed terraced surface structure of some WC grains suggests that 2-D nucleation is the chief coarsening mechanism to consider.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 61, no 13, 4726-4733 p.
Three-dimensional EBSD, Three-dimensional characterisation, Carbides, Coarsening, Inverse Saltykov
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125544DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.05.008ISI: 000321601400003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84879422588OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-125544DiVA: diva2:640271
QC 201308132013-08-132013-08-092013-11-18Bibliographically approved