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Location of Foreign Direct Investment in Services: Some Cross-industrial Evidence from Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the location of foreign direct investments in Sweden over the period 2002-2009. FDI are measured through the frequency of foreign ventures, i.e. new operating facilities established through Greenfield investments, per region and industrial sector. The aim is to provide cross-industrial evidence to bear on the question whether there is a need to reconsider factors traditionally used to explain FDI location: market potentials, agglomeration economies, transport infrastructure, and factor costs. Negative binomial regression results indicate significant differences across industries in what determines FDI location. The overall model result is that regions with a relatively diverse economy, good access to international airport and a qualified labour force appear to be the most attractive destinations. Diversity, which relates to Jacobs externalities and may stem from urbanisation economies, seems to be the only factor efficient to explain FDI in both manufacturing and service industries. This emphasises the crucial importance of information and knowledge spillovers in the current era of globalisation.

Keyword [en]
Foreign direct investment, Firm location, Service industries, Regional Economics, Sweden
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125902OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-125902DiVA: diva2:641302
Note

QS 2013

Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2013-08-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Essays on the Interplay between Multinational Enterprises and Spatial Economies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on the Interplay between Multinational Enterprises and Spatial Economies
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis concerns the interplay between multinational enterprises (MNE) and spatial economies, with an orientation towards the location and spillover effects of inward foreign direct investments (FDI). The thesis consists of four essays that are self-contained studies. The first essay relates to the shift away from FDI in manufacturing to services and examines whether service FDI locates differently from manufacturing FDI. The second essay concerns the relationship between FDI and public incentives and whether investment promotion schemes are useful to attract FDI. The third essay examines the link between human capital and FDI and how different types of skilled workers influence FDI location. Taken together, these three essays examine conditions and factors that determine the location decision of foreign MNEs in the contemporary era of globalisation. The forth essay examines whether labour mobility is a potential source for spillovers from FDI in a spatial context. Although the latter essay does not provide any final answer to whether spillovers actually arise through this channel, it shows that the potentials for an effect to arise are larger in some regions than others because there are very few or no such knowledge spillover agents in many parts of the country. The thesis concludes by discussing the link between FDI and the policy work on regional development, and some avenues for future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. 34 p.
Series
Trita-SOM , ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2013:04
Keyword
Multinational Enterprises, Foreign Direct Investment, Firm location, Spillovers, Regional Development Policy and Analysis, Spatial Distributions of Economic Activity, Functional regions, Sweden
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125898 (URN)978-91-7501-763-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-05, Sal F3 (Sing-Sing), Lindstedtsvägen 26, entréplan, KTH, Stockholm, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130816

Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2013-08-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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Output format
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