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Reconstructing the sedimentation history of the Bengal Delta Plain by means of geochemical and stable isotopic data
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering (moved 20130630). (International Groundwater Arsenic Research Group)
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2013 (English)In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 36, 70-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to examine the sedimentation history of the central floodplain area of the Bengal Delta Plain in West Bengal, India. Sediments from two boreholes were analyzed regarding lithology, geochemistry and the stable isotopic composition of embedded organic matter. Different lithofacies were distinguished that reflect frequent changes in the prevailing sedimentary depositional environment of the study area. The lowest facies comprises poorly sorted fluvial sediments composed of fine gravel to clay pointing at high transport energy and intense relocation processes. This facies is considered to belong to an early Holocene lowstand systems tract that followed the last glacial maximum. Fine to medium sands above it mark a gradual change towards a transgressive systems tract. Upwards increasing proportions of silt and the stable isotopic composition of embedded organic matter both indicate a gradual change from fluvial channel infill sediments towards more estuarine and marine influenced deposits. Youngest sediments are composed of clayey and silty overbank deposits of the Hooghly River that have formed a vast low-relief delta-floodplain. Close to the surface, small concretions of secondary Mn-oxides and Fe-(oxyhydr) oxides occur and mark the fluctuation range of the unsaturated zone. These concretions are accompanied by relatively high contents of trace elements such as Zn, Ni, Cu, and As. To sum up, the outcomes of this study provide new insights into the complex sedimentation history of the barely investigated central floodplain area of West Bengal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 36, 70-82 p.
Keyword [en]
Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta, Meghna River System, Organic-Matter, Late Quaternary, Sequence Stratigraphy, West-Bengal, Carbon, Nitrogen, Basin, Sea
National Category
Water Engineering Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-126060DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2013.06.017ISI: 000323939600006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84880809388OAI: diva2:641669

QC 20130819

Available from: 2013-08-19 Created: 2013-08-19 Last updated: 2013-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Biswas, Ashis
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