Professional subcultures in nuclear power plants
2013 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, Vol. 59, 78-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Using a safety climate survey as the point of departure, the present study explores some aspects of plant cultures vs. professional subcultures in three Swedish nuclear power plants (named A, B and C). The ratings on the safety climate survey by workers on power plant A were subjected to an exploratory factor analysis. A six-factor solution explained a total of 56.0% of the variance in the items included. The six factors were considered to measure Safety management, Change management and experience feedback, Immediate working group, Knowledge and participation, Occupational safety, and Resources. The six factor model was tested by running a confirmatory factor analysis on the ratings by workers on power plant B and C, respectively. The model fit for both plants was acceptable and supported the six factor structure. For each of the six factors, a 3 × 3 ANOVA was conducted on the ratings, with the three largest departments (Operation, Maintenance, Engineering support) and power plants (A, B, C) as the between-subjects factors. Differences between power plants as well as differences between departments were found for several factors. Overall, the differences between departments were larger than those between power plants. The results are discussed in terms of challenges for creating safety climate in organizations that harbor several professional subcultures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 59, 78-85 p.
Nuclear power plants, Organizational factors, Safety climate, Safety culture, Subcultures, Confirmatory factor analysis, Exploratory factor analysis, Occupational safety, Point of departures, Factor analysis, Professional aspects, Safety engineering, Surveys, Occupational risks, analysis of variance, article, Cronbach alpha coefficient, factorial analysis, feedback system, human, knowledge, nuclear power plant, nuclear safety, priority journal, questionnaire, work environment, work experience
Physical Sciences Philosophy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-126031DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2013.05.004ISI: 000322944100008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84878489552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-126031DiVA: diva2:641738
QC 201308192013-08-192013-08-192013-09-12Bibliographically approved