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Energieffektiva principer: Påverkan på en villas arkitektur och energiprestanda
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Energy Efficient Principles : Impact on a Villa's Architecture and Energy performance (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kraven på att nybyggda bostäder ska vara energisnåla i driftskedet ökar hela tiden av flera anledningar. Dels vill brukarna hålla driftskostnaderna så låga som möjligt och dels är det miljöaspekten som spelar in. Men hur energisnål kan en villa egentligen göras och hur påverkas arkitekturen då den görs extremt energieffektiv?

I den här rapporten utreds tio energieffektiva principer som kan användas för att göra en villa mer energisnål och energiproducerande. Alla tio principer har tillämpats i en villa som projekterats under arbetets gång. De tio principerna är:

  • Husets utformning
  • Konstruktion
  • Isolerade skjutluckor
  • Solceller
  • Solavskärmning
  • Energitak
  • Uppvärmningssystem
  • Vindkraftverk
  • Vindskydd
  • Medvetenhet och inredning

Resultaten visar att villan kommer ge ett energiöverskott på cirka 6 000 kWh/år enligt enklare handberäkningar av husets energiförbrukning och den producerade energin. Arkitekturen blir tydligt påverkad av de energieffektiva principerna men huset är ändå fullt funktionellt. Att tillämpa tio energieffektiva principer i en villa kan vara svårt att försvara ekonomiskt då pay-off tiderna är långa på grund av höga investeringskostnader.

Arbetet har utförts på KTH campus Haninge i samarbete med Sweco Architects AB.

Abstract [en]

The demands on newly constructed buildings to be energy efficient in the operational stage are increasing all the time by many reasons. Partly because the people living in the house want to keep the operational costs as low as possible and partly because of the impact on the environment. But how energy efficient can a villa be made and how does it affect the architecture when it is made extremely energy efficient?

In this essay ten energy efficient principles are investigated which can be used to make a villa more energy efficient and energy producing. All ten principles have been applied in one villa that has been designed during this project. The ten principles are:

  • The design and shape of the house
  • Construction
  • Insulated sliding slots
  • Solar panels
  • Sun shading
  • Energy roof
  • Heating system
  • Wind power turbine
  • Wind protection
  • Consciousness and interior design

The results show that the villa will produce an overbalance of energy of about 6 000 kWh/year according to simpler calculations of the house´s energy consumption and the energy that it produces. The architecture is clearly affected by the energy efficient principles but the house is still fully functioning. Applying ten energy efficient principles in one villa can be hard to motivate economically because of long pay-off times caused by high investment costs.

This thesis has been made at KTH campus Haninge in cooperation with Sweco Architects AB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
energy, architecture, energy efficient, plus energy, villa, passive house construction
Keyword [sv]
energi, arkitektur, energieffektiv, plusenergi, villa, passivhuskonstruktion
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-126101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-126101DiVA: diva2:641819
External cooperation
Sweco Architects AB
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-08-19 Created: 2013-08-19 Last updated: 2013-08-19Bibliographically approved

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