Lignin-carbohydrate and lignin-lignin linkages in different lignin-carbohydrate complexes from spruce wood
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
In order to characterize lignin-carbohydrate (LC) and lignin-lignin (LL) linkages in different lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCCs), the glucan-lignin (GL), glucomannan-lignin (GML) and xylan-lignin (XL) isolated from spruce wood have been enzymatically hydrolyzed, using endoglucanase plus b-glucosidase (for GL and GML) or xylanase (for XL), followed by 2D HSQC NMR and Py-GC/MS analysis. It has been found that the enzymatic hydrolysis removed effectively most of the polysaccharide parts in the LCCs and thus enriched the lignin contents and LCC linkages so that various LC and LL linkages could be well demonstrated by the 2D HSQC NMR analysis. Three typical LC linkages, i.e. benzyl ether, γ-ester and phenyl glycoside, have been directly observed in the enzymatically hydrolyzed GML (En-GML) and enzymatically hydrolyzed XL (En-XL). There are two types of benzyl ether linkages, with primary and secondary OH from carbohydrates. There are three types of carbohydrate units linked with lignin by the phenyl glycoside bonds in the En-GML while only one type is found in the En-XL. It seems that mannose and galactose are among the sugar units involved in the linkages since their relative amounts in the sugar compositions increased after the enzymatic hydrolysis. From the LL linkages observed in the 2D HSQC NMR spectra, it was revealed that the lignin existing in GML is less condensed than the lignin from XL due to a higher percentage of β-O-4 sub-structure found in the former (75 % vs. 66 %). On the other hand, more other substructures have been found present in the lignin from XL than GML, e.g. phenylcoumaran (17 % vs. 15 %), dibenzodioxocin (9 % vs. 5 %), resinol (11 % vs. 6 %), and spirodienone (2 % vs. 1 %), implying more condensed lignin structures present in the XL. From the Py-GC/MS analysis, the relative amounts of guaiacol and coniferyl alcohol fragments over the acetoguaiacone fragment, an internal marker, were largely increased after the enzymatic hydrolysis, supporting the presences of even higher amounts of the phenyl glucoside LC linkages in the original LCCs since some of the linkages should have been cleaved during the enzymatic hydrolysis. The NMR analysis of the En-GL was not successful probably due to the attachment of the enzymes onto the GL structure or the existence of the remained crystalline cellulose structures.
Lignin-carbohydrate complex (LCC), enzymatic hydrolysis, spruce, 2D HSQC, NMR, Pyrolysis-GC/MS
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-126274OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-126274DiVA: diva2:642022
QS 20132013-08-202013-08-202013-08-20Bibliographically approved