BIM in Infrastructure: Using BIM to increase efficiency throughthe elimination of wasteful activities
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The construction industry has for decades been suffering from low productivity growth
and production processes that could be made more efficient if the occurrence of non- value adding activities could be reduced. Building Information Modeling, BIM, provides a new set of tools and new ways of working within the industry that has been attributed to numerous advantages of different kinds at different stages of construction projects.
The main purpose of this thesis have been to describe how BIM applications can be used to achieve a more efficient construction process through the reduction of wasteful activities in infrastructure projects. Through this we aim to find ways to increase the level of efficiency in production and to create incentives for construction companies to increase the use of BIM applications in infrastructure projects.
The findings presented in this thesis are based on a literature review, observations from a case study and interviews. The literature review has been conducted to gain a deeper understanding for the studied area as well as for creating a theoretical foundation on which the analysis is based. The case study bridge project has provided observations from the planning and design process as well as from the construction process. In addition to this, interviews have been carried out with people involved in the project as well as with other experienced people at the company, and all together this has provided the opportunity to investigate how BIM can be used throughout the project chain, from design to production.
In this study we have found several types of non-value adding activities in construction as well as identified numerous obstacles for successful implementation of BIM in infrastructure projects. In addition to this, the results from this study show that there are many benefits related to the implementation of BIM that can improve efficiency in infrastructure projects. The conclusion derived from this study is that BIM applications can be used to support a detailed collaborative planning and design process, which in turn creates the prerequisites for a more efficient production process through the elimination of non-value adding activities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trita-BKN-Examensarbete, ISSN 1103-4297 ; 388
BIM, Lean, Waste, Efficiency, Design
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-127045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-127045DiVA: diva2:643659