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Pure and Li-doped NiTiH: Potential anode materials for Li-ion rechargeable batteries
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
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2013 (English)In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 103, no 3, 033902- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pure and Li-doped NiTiH hydrides have been explored for their potential applications as anode materials for Li-ion batteries using density functional theory. The diffusion of Li-ion through pure NiTiH lattice has revealed a big enhancement at 600 K with the diffusion coefficient estimated to be 2.3 x 10(-10) m(2) s(-1) or so. The most thermodynamically stable Li-doped NiTiH material has been ascertained, which evidently shows enhanced electrochemical capacity and a minor increase in voltage and unit-cell volume with respect to pure NiTiH.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 103, no 3, 033902- p.
Keyword [en]
Lithium Batteries, Electron-Gas, Prospects, Hydrides, Metals, Energy
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
SRA - Energy; SRA - E-Science (SeRC)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-127504DOI: 10.1063/1.4813596ISI: 000322146300131Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881533077OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-127504DiVA: diva2:644747
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Energy AgencyThe Wenner-Gren Foundation
Note

QC 20130902

Available from: 2013-09-02 Created: 2013-08-30 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Atomistic Modelling of Materials for Clean Energy Applications: hydrogen generation, hydrogen storage, and Li-ion battery
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Atomistic Modelling of Materials for Clean Energy Applications: hydrogen generation, hydrogen storage, and Li-ion battery
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis, a number of clean-energy materials for hydrogen generation, hydrogen storage, and Li-ion battery energy storage applications have been investigated through state-of-the-art density functional theory.

As an alternative fuel, hydrogen has been regarded as one of the promising clean energies with the advantage of abundance (generated through water splitting) and pollution-free emission if used in fuel cell systems. However, some key problems such as finding efficient ways to produce and store hydrogen have been hindering the realization of the hydrogen economy. Here from the scientific perspective, various materials including the nanostructures and the bulk hydrides have been examined in terms of their crystal and electronic structures, energetics, and different properties for hydrogen generation or hydrogen storage applications. In the study of chemisorbed graphene-based nanostructures, the N, O-N and N-N decorated ones are designed to work as promising electron mediators in Z-scheme photocatalytic hydrogen production. Graphene nanofibres (especially the helical type) are found to be good catalysts for hydrogen desorption from NaAlH4. The milestone nanomaterial, C60, is found to be able to significantly improve the hydrogen release from the (LiH+NH3) mixture. In addition, the energetics analysis of hydrazine borane and its derivative solid have revealed the underlying reasons for their excellent hydrogen storage properties. 

As the other technical trend of replacing fossil fuels in electrical vehicles, the Li-ion battery technology for energy storage depends greatly on the development of electrode materials. In this thesis, the pure NiTiH and its various metal-doped hydrides have been studied as Li-ion battery anode materials. The Li-doped NiTiH is found to be the best candidate and the Fe, Mn, or Cr-doped material follows.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. 83 p.
Keyword
Renewable energy, Materials science, Hydrogen production, Hydrogen storage, Li-ion battery, Density functional theory
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
SRA - Energy; SRA - E-Science (SeRC)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-129220 (URN)978-91-7501-873-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-10-18, Kollegiesallen, Brinellvägen 8, plan04, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130925

Available from: 2013-09-25 Created: 2013-09-23 Last updated: 2013-09-25Bibliographically approved

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