Influence of final stirring treatment on inclusion number in tool steel
2013 (English)In: Ironmaking & steelmaking, ISSN 0301-9233, Vol. 40, no 6, 407-412 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The focus was to study the elimination of non-metallic inclusions during the final part of the ladle refining of tool steel (AISI H13). More specifically, the final stirring treatment in a ladle before casting was modified to study how the number of inclusions could be decreased. The following three stirring treatments were tested: a conventional induction stirring with a 650 A current for 20 min, a short induction stirring with a 650 A current during 10 min, and a combined gas and induction stirring during 20 min (no open eye and a 600 A current). Steel samples were collected from the ladle before and after the final stirring period of the ladle treatment. Thereafter, the numbers of inclusions in steel samples were determined using a light optical microscope based on a classification according to the Swedish standard SS111116 (JK Scale II). Overall, the results showed that a combined gas and induction stirrings was the most efficient way of decreasing the number of DM, DH and DP inclusions. The decrease in the inclusion number in four heats was the following for the different size classes for a combined stirring procedure: 15-40% for DM type inclusions, 30-61% for DH type inclusions and 50-100% for DP inclusions. In addition, it should be mentioned that a stirring practice with induction stirring during 10 min resulted in a 67-100% decrease in the DH type inclusions. However, the results for a combined stirring case for DH type inclusions were more stable than those for a shorter induction stirring time.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 40, no 6, 407-412 p.
Tool steel, Ladle treatment, Induction stirring, Gas stirring, Inclusions
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-127760DOI: 10.1179/1743281212Y.0000000061ISI: 000322793600002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84883272369OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-127760DiVA: diva2:646022
QC 201309062013-09-062013-09-052013-09-06Bibliographically approved