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Green Rhetoric in Blackshirts: Italian Fascism and the Environment
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
University of Wisconsin, Madison.
2013 (English)In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, Vol. 19, no 3, 283-311 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In comparison with the significant historiographical work on the German case, specifically on Nazi environmental policies and ideology, studies on such issues for other Fascist regimes are still rather rare. This article attempts partially to fill this gap, at least as regards the Italian case, offering a general overview of the Fascist regime and its environmental politics and narratives. Analysing how Fascists appropriated Italian landscapes through both discourses and concrete policies, this paper examines the construction of a Fascist nature as a rhetorical, symbolic and geographical space. In particular, this essay explores the combined process of appropriation and expropriation through the analysis of two diverse but intertwined issues: firstly, Fascist rural ideology as a narrative on the mutual constituency of nature and people and secondly, the creation of the first Italian national parks, their successes and failures as institutions of nature conservation and their role as symbols of the nature/society divide. While blending the ideas of race, landscape, history, modernity and ruralism, Fascists shaped both the national environment and general ideas about nature in a narrative which affected the very object of the narration that is, nature itself.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
White Horse Press, 2013. Vol. 19, no 3, 283-311 p.
Keyword [en]
Fascism, Italy, landscape, rurality, nature conservation
National Category
History History and Archaeology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-127755DOI: 10.3197/096734013X13690716950064ISI: 000322049900003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84879346717OAI: diva2:646126

QC 20130906

Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-09-05 Last updated: 2014-08-28Bibliographically approved

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