On sound absorbing characteristics and suitable measurement methods
2012 (English)In: SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1534, 2012, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
Noise encapsulations are widely used in automotive industry to enclose noise sources, such as e.g. the engine or the gearbox, to reduce externally radiated noise. The sound absorption factor of the material on the inside of the noise encapsulation is obviously vital for the sound attenuation. This parameter is in most cases determined experimentally for which there are several methods. The results received from the various methods may vary as different acoustic states are examined and thus influence the choice of method. The absorption factor is crucial since it is used in specifications to material manufacturers as well as being an input parameter in modeling the performance of the noise shield e.g. during a pass-by noise test.
In this paper, two standardized measurement methods along with a third, non-standardized method, are applied to determine the properties of an absorbing material used in a commercial noise encapsulation. The methods are based on normal-, random- and oblique incident sound waves. The first and the last methods are based on measuring the acoustic impedance from which the absorption can be calculated while the random incidence method measures the absorption directly. The results retrieved from the three methods are compared and discussed in the light of the differences between them. This paper clarifies the differences and gives a practical guidance for the choice of measurement method and the use of the different absorption factors in modeling.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society of Automotive Engineers, 2012.
Sound absorption coefficient, surface impedance, local reaction
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-128552DOI: 10.4271/2012-01-1534ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84877167175OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-128552DiVA: diva2:648015
th International Styrian Noise, Vibration and Harshness Congress: The European Automotive Noise Conference, SNVH 2012; Graz; Austria; 13 June 2012 through 15 June 2012
QC 201309132013-09-132013-09-132016-03-11Bibliographically approved