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Resonant and Nonresonant Hyperpolarizabilities of Spatially Confined Molecules: A Case Study of Cyanoacetylene
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, ISSN 1549-9618, E-ISSN 1549-9626, Vol. 9, no 8, 3463-3472 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this theoretical study we report on resonant and nonresonant electric-dipole (hyper)polarizabilities of cyanoacetylene molecule confined by repulsive potentials of cylindrical symmetry mimicking a topology of nanotubelike carbon cages. The set of investigated electronic properties encompasses dipole moment, polarizability, first and second hyperpolarizability as well as the two-photon transition matrix elements. The effect of external potential on vibrational contributions to electric-dipole properties is also included in our treatment. The computations are performed at several levels of theoretical approximation including state-of-the-art coupled-cluster (CCSD(T)) and multireference configuration interaction methods (MRCISD(Q)). The results of calculations presented herein indicate that the decrease in dipole moment observed experimentally for the HCCCN molecule solvated in helium nanodroplets may be partially attributed to the confinement effects. The external confining potential causes a substantial drop of the isotropic average electronic polarizability and second hyperpolarizability. In contrast, the vector component of the electronic first hyperpolarizability substantially increases. Nuclear relaxation contributions to all studied electric-dipole properties are found to diminish upon confinement. Our calculations also indicate that the most intense (1)Sigma(+) <- (X) over tilde one-photon transition is slightly blue-shifted whereas the corresponding oscillator strength is virtually unaffected upon confinement. Interestingly, the absolute magnitude of the diagonal component of the second-order transition moment for the bright state (S-zz(0 -> 1)Sigma(+)) increases with the strength of external potential. The effect of structural relaxation on the electric-dipole properties, arising from the presence of the external potential, is also investigated in the present work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 9, no 8, 3463-3472 p.
Keyword [en]
Nonlinear-Optical-Properties, Dynamic Vibrational Hyperpolarizabilities, Wall Carbon Nanotubes, Many-Electron Systems, High-Pressure, Hydrogen-Atom, Basis-Sets, Noncovalent Interactions, 2nd-Harmonic Generation, Initial Convergence
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-128487DOI: 10.1021/ct400410mISI: 000323193500021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84882342456OAI: diva2:648030

QC 20130913

Available from: 2013-09-13 Created: 2013-09-12 Last updated: 2013-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Ågren, Hans
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